United States Constitution Exam Review
Terms in this set (34)
Who makes up the judicial Branch of government?
The Federal Courts/Supreme Courts
What is the primary responsibility of the Judicial Branch?
Interpret the laws
What is Judicial review and what power does the Supreme Court have under Judicial review?
Power of the Supreme Court to declare acts of the other two branches unconstitutoinal
How are Supreme Court Justices put in office and how long is their term of office?
They are appointed by the President and they serve for life
Who hears cases between states?
The Supreme Court
What is the function of the U.S. Court of Appeals?
To hear appealed cases from the US District Courts
In which Articles of the Constitution are the powers of the Judicial Branch found?
What makes up the Bill of Rights?
What is an amendment and how are they generally ratified?
A change to the constitution; 3/4 vote by the states or at a ratifying convention
What is due process of law?
The process used to investigate, try, and convict someone of a crime
What is the primary purpose of the Bill of Rights?
To protect individual rights
What are the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Bill of Rights?
People's individual rights to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness
What is federalism, separation of powers and checks and balances?
FEDERALISM- sharing of the power between the national and state governments
SEPARATION OF POWERS- dividing the governments into 3 branches
CHECKS AND BALANCES- ability of each branch to check actions of the other branches
What document establishes the "supreme law of the land"?
How can each branch of government oversee the other branches?
L/J- appoves judges
L/E- impeach president
E/J- appoints judges
E/L- veto laws
J/E- declare acts unconstituional
J/L- declare laws unconstitutional
What were the provisions of the Great Compromise?
Created a two house legislature, senate= equal representation, HOR= proportional representation
What was the first plan of the government for the U.S.?
Articles of Confederation
What are the governmental bodies that make up Congress?
House of Reps. and the Senate
How many Senators and Representatives are in Congress?
100 Senators, 435 in House
What are major responsibilities of the Legislative Branch?
To create laws
What checks and balances does the Congress have over the other branches of government?
Approve Judges and override a presidential veto
What is an elastic clause?
Congress can make any law necessary and proper for the US to function
How is the majority and minority party determined?
Whichever party has more reps in Congress is the majority party
What is a bicameral body?
It has two houses: Senate and House of Representatives
How does Congress pass a bill?
Bill in introduced, sent to committee where it is debated, sent to standing committee, open-floor debate, sent to other house where it does the same thing, on to a conference committee where it must be passed in the SAME form, back to both houses then to the president
In which Articles of the Constitution are the powers of the Legislative Branch found?
What does impeachment mean and who holds the responsibility for impeachment?
To bring formal charges against- Congress holds this power. House impeaches & Senate holds the trial.
What are the major responsibilities of the Executive Branch?
Enforces the laws
What is the purpose of the Electoral College?
To elect the President- The people vote for electors, who in turn elect the Pres.
How long is a presidential term and how many terms may a president serve?
4 yr term, may serve twice
Who appoints Federal Judges and how long are they appointed for?
Pres. appoints judges; they are there for life
Who officially cast votes for President?
The electors in the Electoral College
What are electoral votes and how are they distributed among the states?
Electoral votes are needed to elect the president; they are distributed by adding states' representatives to the number of senators
In which Articles of the Constitution are the powers of the Executive Branch found?