44 terms

First exam Vocab

Developmental Science
researchers who study the lifespan
Scientific study of the adult part of life
Normative Transitions
Predictable life changes that occur during development
Non-normative Transitions
Unpredictable life changes that occur during development
Age group with whom we travel through life
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
A basic marker referring to status on educational and specially income world
Developed World
The most affluent countries in the world
Developing World
The more improvised countries of the world
Collectivist Cultures
Societies that prize social harmony, obedience, and close family connectedness over individual achievement
Societies that prize independence, competition, and personal success
Biological or genetic causes of development
Environmental causes of development
Traditional behaviorism
The original behavioral world view that focused on charting and modifying only "objective", visible behaviors
Operant Conditioning
The law of learning that determines any voluntary response
Behavioral term for reward
Cognitive Behaviorism
People learn by watching/ our thoughts reinforce our behavior
Attachment Theory
Theory made by John Bowlby; our surrival connected with a child giver during early childhood
The crucial principle that people affect one another, or that interpersonal flow in both directions
Piagets Cognitive Developmental Theory
Principle that form infancy to adolescence, children progress though four qualitatively different stages of intellectual growth
(first step in Piagets Theory) fitting environmental input to our existing mental capacities
Correlational Study
research strategy that involves relating two or more variable
True Experiments
The only research strategy that can determine that something causes something else; randomly assigning people to different treatments and looking at outcome.
Cross-sectional study
A developmental research strategy that involves testing different age groups at the same time
Longitudinal Study
Research strategy that involves testing an age group repeatedly over many years
Quantitive Research
Standard developmental science data-collection strategy that involves testing groups of people and using numerical scales and statistics
Qualitative Research
Occasional developmental science data-collection strategy that involves
The Pear-shaped muscular organ in a woman's abdomen that houses the developing baby
The neck, or narrow lower portion, of the uterus
Fallopian Tube
One pair of slim, pipe-like structure that connect the ovaries with the uterus
One pair of almond shared organs that contain a woman's ova, or eggs
An egg cell containing the genetic material contributed by the mother of the baby
The union of sperm and egg
The moment during a woman's monthly cycle when an ovum is expelled from the ovary
Male organs tat manufacture sperm
DNA strand located in nucleus of every cell that carries the genes
Material that makes up genes
A blueprint for manufacturing a particular protein
Germinal Stage
First 14 days of prenatal development
fertilized ovum
hollow sphere of cells formed during germinal stage in preparation for implantation
A blastocyst becomes embedded in the uterine wall
The structure projecting from the wall of the uterus during pregnancy thorough which the developing baby absorbs nutrients
Apgar Scale
Test after baby is born to check babys condition
Neonata Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
Special hospital that treats at-risk new borns