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44 terms

First exam Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
Developmental Science
researchers who study the lifespan
Gerontology
Scientific study of the adult part of life
Normative Transitions
Predictable life changes that occur during development
Non-normative Transitions
Unpredictable life changes that occur during development
Cohort
Age group with whom we travel through life
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
A basic marker referring to status on educational and specially income world
Developed World
The most affluent countries in the world
Developing World
The more improvised countries of the world
Collectivist Cultures
Societies that prize social harmony, obedience, and close family connectedness over individual achievement
Individualistic
Societies that prize independence, competition, and personal success
Nature
Biological or genetic causes of development
Nurture
Environmental causes of development
Traditional behaviorism
The original behavioral world view that focused on charting and modifying only "objective", visible behaviors
Operant Conditioning
The law of learning that determines any voluntary response
Reinforcement
Behavioral term for reward
Cognitive Behaviorism
People learn by watching/ our thoughts reinforce our behavior
Attachment Theory
Theory made by John Bowlby; our surrival connected with a child giver during early childhood
Bidirectionally
The crucial principle that people affect one another, or that interpersonal flow in both directions
Piagets Cognitive Developmental Theory
Principle that form infancy to adolescence, children progress though four qualitatively different stages of intellectual growth
Assimilation
(first step in Piagets Theory) fitting environmental input to our existing mental capacities
Correlational Study
research strategy that involves relating two or more variable
True Experiments
The only research strategy that can determine that something causes something else; randomly assigning people to different treatments and looking at outcome.
Cross-sectional study
A developmental research strategy that involves testing different age groups at the same time
Longitudinal Study
Research strategy that involves testing an age group repeatedly over many years
Quantitive Research
Standard developmental science data-collection strategy that involves testing groups of people and using numerical scales and statistics
Qualitative Research
Occasional developmental science data-collection strategy that involves
Uterus
The Pear-shaped muscular organ in a woman's abdomen that houses the developing baby
Cervix
The neck, or narrow lower portion, of the uterus
Fallopian Tube
One pair of slim, pipe-like structure that connect the ovaries with the uterus
Ovary
One pair of almond shared organs that contain a woman's ova, or eggs
Ovum
An egg cell containing the genetic material contributed by the mother of the baby
Fertilization
The union of sperm and egg
Ovulation
The moment during a woman's monthly cycle when an ovum is expelled from the ovary
Testes
Male organs tat manufacture sperm
Chromosome
DNA strand located in nucleus of every cell that carries the genes
DNA
Material that makes up genes
Gene
A blueprint for manufacturing a particular protein
Germinal Stage
First 14 days of prenatal development
Zygote
fertilized ovum
Blastocyst
hollow sphere of cells formed during germinal stage in preparation for implantation
Implantation
A blastocyst becomes embedded in the uterine wall
Placenta
The structure projecting from the wall of the uterus during pregnancy thorough which the developing baby absorbs nutrients
Apgar Scale
Test after baby is born to check babys condition
Neonata Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
Special hospital that treats at-risk new borns