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AP Human Geography Chapter 1 key terms
in the newst human geography book these are the key terms in the back of the chapter you should learn. Use them if you may and i hope this helps.
Terms in this set (61)
the study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and observing how people interact with and thereby change those places.
one of the two major decisions of geography, the spatial analysis of human population, its population, its cultures, activities, and landscapes.
the expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact. The processes of globalization transcend state boundaries and have outcomes that vary across places and scales.
one of the two major divisions of systematic geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and location of the earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil, plants, animals, and topography
pertaining to space on earths surface; sometimes used as a synonym for geographic.
physical location of geographic phenomena across space
the design of spacial distribution
the study of health and disease within a geographic context and from a geographical perspective. Among other things, medical geography looks at sources, diffusion routes, and distributions of diseases.
an outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide.
regional outbreak of a disease
- observations variation in geographic phenomena across space.
developed by the geography educational national implementation project (GENIP), the five themes of geography are location, human-environment, region, place, and movement.
the first theme of geography; the geographical situation of people and things.
- a logical attempts to explain the location pattern of an economic activity and the manner in which the producing areas are interrelated. The agricultural location theory contained the von thunen
the second theme of geography; reciprocal relationship between humans and environment.
third theme of geography; an area on the earths surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon.
-the fourth theme of geography; uniqueness of a location
sense of place
state of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character.
perception of place
- belief or "understanding" about a place developed through books, movies, stories, or pictures.
fifth theme of geography; the mobility of people, goods and ideas across the surface of the planet.
a perspective of something close or far away.
measurement of the physical space between two planets.
the degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certain location from other locations. Accessibility varies from place to place and can be measured.
the degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network.
the overall appearance of an area. Most landscapes are compromised of a combination of natural and human-induced influences
the visible imprint of a human activity and culture on the landscape. The layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts sequentially imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants.
the notion that a successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape.
the art and science of making maps, including data compilation, layout, and design. Also concerned with the interpretation of mapped patterns.
maps that show absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame of reference, typically latitude and longitude.
maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of some attribute or the movement of a geographic phenomenon
The position or place of a certain item on the surface of the earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude, 0- 90 degrees, north or south of the equator, and longitude 0- 180 degrees east or west of the prime meridian passing through Greenwich, England (a suburb of London
global positioning system
based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features.
a hunt for a cache, the Global Positioning System coordinates which are placed on the Internet by other geocachers.
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places. Distance, accessibility, and connectivity affect relative location.
Image or picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual's perception, impression, and knowledge of that space
the space within daily activity occurs.
no deffiniton found
a method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study.
geographic information system
A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
Involvement of players at other scales to generate support for a position or an initiative.
a type of reign marketed by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena; also called uniform reign or homogeneous region.
- a reign defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it.
- a region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea not as a physically demarcated entity. For example in the United States, ' the south' and 'the mid- Atlantic' region are perceptual regions.
- The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society. This is anthropologists Ralph Linton's definition, hundreds of others exist.
a single element of practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
- a related set of cultural traits such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
Heartland, source area, innovation center; origin of a major culture.
the term for a trade with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other.
the expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from a place of origin to a wider area.
the declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.
Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations, ideas or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture.
the spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination.
the distance - controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person- analogous to the communication of a contagious illness.
a form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples. An urban hierarchy is usually involved, encouraging the leap- frogging or innovations over wide areas, with geographic distance a less important influence
a form of diffusion in which a cultural adaption is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place.
sequential diffusion process in which their carrier agents transmit the items being diffused as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones. The most common form of relocation diffusion involves the spreading of innovations by a migrating population.
ways of seeing the world spatially that are used by geographers in answering research questions.
the views that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development. Also referred to as environmentalism.
geographic view point- a response to determinism- that holds that human decision-making, not the environment, is the crucial factor in cultural development. Nonetheless, possibilists view the environment as providing a set of broad constraints that limits the possibilities of human choice.
the multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment.
an approach to studying- nature- society relations that is concerned with the ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and are the result of, the political and social economic context in which they are situated.
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