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Human Diseases Chapter 1

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prognosis
the predicted course and outcome of a disease
diagnosis
the determination of the nature of disease based on many factors, including signs, symptoms, and often, laboratory results.
pathology
the branch of medicine that studies the characteristics, causes and effects of disease
Ideiopathis
term used to describe a disease for which the cause is not known
symptoms
and indication of disease perceived by the patient, such as pain, dizziness, and itching
disequilibrium
in a state of unbalance in life
etiology
the cause of a disease
syndome
combination of symptoms
chronic
a disease that may begin insidiously and be long-lived
relapse
occurs when a disease returns weeks or months after its apparent cessation
complication
disease that develop in a patient already suffering from a disease
anatomy
study of the normal structure of the body
pallor
whitening of the skin
genetic
pertaining to genes or any of their efects. A gene is the smallest physical piece of heredity. it determines what features we will pass on to our children as well as which ones we have gained fom our biological parents
signs
the objective evidence of disease observed on physical examination, such as abnormal pulse or fever
sequela
the aftermath of a particular disease, such as permanent damage to the heart after rheumatic fever
remission
the period of a chronic disease when signs and symptoms subside
exacerbation
the period a chronic disease when signs and sympoms recur in all their severity
homeostasis
the maintenance of a steady state within the body
equilibrium
in blaance...in a state of constant homeostasis
morbidity
the number who become sick or disabled from a disease per 100,000
acute
a disease is that has a sudden onset and a short duration
congenital
diseases that appear at birth of shortly after but are not caused by genetic or chromosomal abnormalities
physiology
study of the normal function of the body
mutation
change in the DNA structure that may be inherited and cause disease
terminal
diseases that end with death
Plague is also known as
"The Black Death"
mortality
a measre of the # of deaths in relation to a disease in a specific poulation over a given period of time
#1 leading cause of death
Heart Disease= 654,092
#2 leading cause of death
cancer= 550,270
#3 leading cause of death
stroke=150,147
#4 leading cause of death
chronic lower respiratory disease=123,884
#5 leading cause of death
accidents=108,694
#6 leading cause of death
diabetes=72,815
#7 leading cause of death
pneumonia/influenza=65,829
#8 leading cause of death
alzheimer's disease=61,472
#9 leading cause of death
nephritis, nephritic syndrome, and nephrosis=42,762
#10 leading cause of death
septicemia=33,464
#1 major cause of disease
Inflammation/autoimmunity/allergy: asthma, systemic lupus erythematosus
#2 major cause of disease
infection: tuberculosis, influenza
#3 major cause of disease
neoplasm: lung cancer, malignant melanoma
#4 major cause of disease
heredity: sickle cell anemia, cystic fibrosis
#5 major cause of disease
malnutrition: pernicious anemia, iron-deficiency anemia
#6 major cause of disease
stress: hypertension, heart disease
lesion
could be a damaged gene or enzyme, or abnormal cells, tissues, or organs
cytology
study of cell and their function
histology
study of tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Found throughout the body as lining for internal organs and covering for the skin.
Ex: mucous membrane
two areas that disease manifest itself?
signs, and symptoms
Connective Tissue
Supports and protects
Ex: Adipose, bone, and cartilage
Nervous Tissue
Allows for conduction of electrical impulses to and from the brain and the rest of the body
Organs of the Integumentary System
Skin, Hair, Nails, Sweat glands, Sebaceous glands
Organs of the Lymphatic System
Lymph vessels, Lymph nodes, Spleen, Tonsils, Thymus gland
examples of lymph nodes
in neck, between growing area, and arm pit
ureters
tube for kidney to bladder
urethra
tube for bladder to outside