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foods to which nutrients are added in amounts greater than what would naturally occur in the food
Protein- energy Malnutrition (PEM)
a condition that occurs when your diet does not contain enough protein and calories
dissolve in fats. they are carried by the fats in foods and can be stored in the fatty tissues of the body.
substance in foods that significantly reduces the harmful effects of oxygen on normal body functions
concerning fats and health, those fats associated strongly with heart and artery disease; mainly fats from animal sources
fat with less than the maximum number of hydrogens in one or more of its fatty acid chainsdi=
an orange vegetable pigment that the body can change into the active form of vitamin a, one of the antioxidant nutrients
a substance in food that significantly decreases the damaging effects of reactive compounds, such as reactive forms of oxygen and nitrogen, on tissue functioning
a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
people who omit meat, fish, and poultry from their diets. Some vegetarians also omit milk products and eggs.
a vitamin of the vitamin B complex that performs an important role in the oxidation of fats and carbohydrates and certain amino acids
Substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and regulating many vital body processes
abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium
a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells
diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body
the process of wave-like muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along
Tiny finger-shaped structures that cover the inner surface of the small intestine and provide a large surface area through which digested food is absorbed
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