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Holocaust Matching Test
Terms in this set (24)
The 26 nations, led by the United States (FDR), Great Britain (Winston Churchill), and the Soviet Union, who united to oppose the Axis Powers -- Germany (Hitler), Italy (Mussolini), Japan (Emperor Hirohito), and their allies, in the Second World War.
Nazi term for Germany and the Nazi-occupied territories in Europe from 1933-1945. Nazi propaganda stated that there would be a Nazi dominated 1000 year Reich that would control the world.
National Socialist German Workers' Party
The Nazi Party, a right wing, anti-Semitic, nationalist party led by Adolf Hitler from 1921-1945.
A central myth of the Nazi ideology was the belief in Aryan racial superiority. The ideal Aryan physical qualities were light eyes, light skin complexion and light hair color and considered of "pure" German background.
A hooked cross that became the official symbol of the Nazi Party. Originally an ancient religious symbol, the swastika is still used by neo-Nazi groups.
Hitler's black-shirted, elite guards. They also ran the concentration and death camps.
The Secret Police of the Third Reich, which used terror and torture to eliminate political opposition to Germany. The Gestapo also orchestrated the arrest and deportation of Jews.
A form of prejudice focused on hatred towards people with Jewish lineage or beliefs.
The state-sponsored pogrom unleashed by the Nazis onto the Jewish communities in Germany and Austria on November 9th and 10th, 1938, that included the vandalism and burning of Jewish shops. Ten thousand Jewish man and boys were arrested and sent to concentration camps.
Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.. Hitler and his leaders used propaganda to spread pro-Nazi messages as well as anti-Semitic messages.
The process of stripping a person or people of the qualities that make them human, usually for the purpose of degrading them.
Racial laws, passed in the fall of 1935 in Germany, which stripped Jews of their political and civil rights by making them non-citizens. As the Nazi armies advanced in Europe, racial laws were instituted in the occupied countries. Anne Frank describes in her diary the effect these laws had on her life in Holland.
A "portion of a city in which members of a minority group live especially because of social, legal, or economic pressure." The term came into widespread use in occupied Europe 1939-1944 where the Jews were required to live prior to their transportation to concentration and death camps.
An intentional, systematic murder of people in a targeted group based on religion, race, etc.
A place where large numbers of people, usually as political prisoners, are kept in a small area with limited facilities (shelter, bathrooms), sometimes to provide forced labor and sometimes to await execution.
From the term 'total burnt offering'. The systematic, state-directed, genocide of six million Jews, as well as the murder of five million other civilians, including Slavs, gypsies, and others, during World War II. Shoah is another term that is used to refer to the killing of the six million Jews by the Nazis.
The substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt. Hitler's regime often used euphemisms to hide his horrible plans.
A Nazi euphemism for their plan to annihilate the Jews.
Forced Labor Camps
Simplified detention facilities where inmates are forced to engage in punitive or punishing labor.
Meaning "roll-call area," an appelplatz was a place in concentration camps where prisoners stood for roll call.
A block leader in a concentration camp. A block leader was in charge of a concentration camp barrack, and made sure that all of the prisoners stayed in line.
A term used for certain prisoners who worked inside Nazi concentration camps during World War II in various lower administrative positions. They were often convicts who were offered this work in exchange for a reduced sentence.
As the Nazis perfected assembly line killing, they constructed death camps to be able to kill large numbers of people more efficiently.
The largest of the Nazi death camps which was located in southwestern Poland near the city of Krakow. Over one million Jews, as well as Poles and others, were murdered there. Tens of thousands were put to work as slave laborers for nearby industrial complexes. Also, Auschwitz 11 of Monowitx, was a huge slave labor complex where workers services the company, I.G. Farben, in the manufacture of Bunda, a synthetic rubber. All the inhabitants of the Secret Annex were sent from Westerbork to Auschwitz in September 1944.
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