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By the 1500s the nuclear family unit was becoming increasingly important among...

Western Europeans

THe beginnings of representative government in the European settlements in North America can be found in...

Virginia, when, in 1619, the company provided for election of an assembly by the inhabitants

The financing of the Virginia settlement came from

a joint-stock company

Which European settlement was fur trading with the Hurons and other tribes the primary economic activity?

New France

The great majority of sixteenth-century Europeans were


The primary aim of the explorations of Balboa, Magellan, Verrazano, and Cartier was to find

a water passage through the Americans and reach Asia

conquered the Aztecs, built Mexico City

Hernt Corts

found the Grand Canyon, plundered the New Mexico pueblos

Francisco Coronado

explored the St. Lawrence, made an early French attempt to colonize in North America

Jacques Cartier

served as the cross-roads for trade goods from Europe, Africa, and Asia

Mediterranean Sea

not a wealthy West African kingdom


This society lies in the roots of important parts of modern American culture

sub-Saharan Africa

an era of intense artistic and intellectual creativity that looked to the classical age of Greece and Rome


This idea placed responsibility on the upper class to act with restraint in Europe


Aztec empire at the time of the Spanish arrival is best described as

the great wealth of the Aztec empire made it a tempting target for the Spanish

the vast movement of peoples, plants, animals, and microbes between the Old and New Worlds

Columbian Exchange

He thought the natives in the Western Hemisphere could be Christianized and become good servants


Major difference between Separatist and non-Separatist Puritans was over

advocacy or rejection of a state church

When people of 16th & 17th century Europe spoke of a "little commonwealth", they were referring to

the family unit and the role of fathers, mothers, and children within that unit

The area that had the longest life expectancy and the fastest growing population growth through natural increase was

New England

The first colony in English America that had separation of church and state and practiced religious tolerance was

Rhode Island

Harvard College was chartered in 1636 primarily to

train learned Congregational ministers

A man's right to vote for governor and members of the General Court in seventeenth-century Massachusetts was based on

church membership

The greatest extremes of inequality in land ownership in the seventeenth century were found in

the West Indies

This was adopted because too few second and third generation Puritans were willing to testify publicly about their conversion experiences

Half-Way Covenant

These two colonies had the most ethnically, religiously, and racially diverse population in North America

New Netherland, New York

The great majority of those arriving in Virginia between 1630 and 1700 were

British indentured servants

Slaves were a majority of the population in which English colony


the primary purpose of colonies was to provide raw materials for the mother country and to serve as markets for manufactured goods

doctrine of mercantilism

this was triggered by Spanish attempts to suppress traditional religion

Pueblo Revolt of 1680

placed control of the church in the hands of the male "saints" of the congregation

New England congregationalism

most fundamental threat to the Puritan social order

The market economy

What was the most important factor in France's ability to hold its vast North American domain against Spanish and English expansion

Good relations with the Native Americans

Bacon's Rebellion stemmed from violent attacks of

poor white settlers against Native Americans

Which crop changed the British West Indies from a society of independent small landowners utilizing white servant labor to a society of large plantation owners utilizing black slave labor?


1st successful colony under King James, VA company


came from Europe for a chance at a new life but had to pay a price

indentured servants

first representative self-government

House of Burgesses



Both kicked out for having new religious ideas; both in Rhode Island

Anne Hutchinson, Roger Williams

1670s; major fighting between New England and the Indians for power and land

King Philip's War

Demanded American Indians living on treaty-protected land to be killed ro driven out

Bacon's Rebellion

education in Massachusetts, development of primary schools

Old Deluder laws

government intervenes in economy to increase national wealth


British Colonies vs. New France

French and Indian War

During American Revolution, major defeat for American forces

Battle of Quebec

tax on all printed products

Stamp Act

punish Massachusetts and strengthen British control

Intolerable/Coercive Acts

shadow government and organized by Patriot leaders on the eve of the American Revolution

Committees of Correspondence

organized by merchants in opposition to Stamp Act

Non-importation agreements

colonists needed representation by region not parliament

Virtual representation

caused French to side with the British

Battle of Saratoga

Black slaves made up a greater proportion of the population than they had in 1700

Anglo-American colonies

hoped Georgia would be a place for the rehabilitation of English debtors and a barrier to Spanish expansion northward

James Oglethorpe

created by James II to consolidate his hold on the northern colonies and eliminate their colonial assemblies

Dominion of New England

required British-American colonists to ship their tobacco, rice, and naval stores to England

Navigation Acts

Essential a fraud perpetrated on the Delaware Indians, depriving them of vast amounts of land

Walking Purchase

believed in a God who had created a perfect universe and then allowed it to operate according to natural laws


Both the Proclomation of 1763 and the Wuebec Act of 1774

interfered with colonial claims to western lands

was not implemented because of opposition by colonial legislatures, but it set a precedent for future plans to unite the British mainland colonies

Albany Plan of Union

Primary purpose of the Committees of Correspondance

link the colonies together

Thomas Jefferson expresses the conflict between the colonies and England in universal terms through this

Declaration of Independence

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