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"a" and "à" when it is not nasalized and is the only vowel-letter in the syllable makes the sound [a] as in...
apparat (or) à
There are several isolated words that have dark a [α].
Ex: diable [djα:bl(∂)]
é only when followed by a mute e in the next syllable makes the sound-
Ex: medecin [mεd(∂)s(E~)]
Medial e when followed by a consonant in the same syllable or a consonant cluster beginning with s makes the sound-
Ex: perdu [pεrdy]
Except when nasalized, ei makes the sound-
Including e before -il and -ill
And rarely ey
Ex: pleine [plεn(∂)]
Ex: soleil [s⊃lε:j]
Ex: pleyon [plεjõ]
Except when nasalized, ai makes the sound-
Including various spellings of aie(s)
and verb endings -ais, -ait, -aient
Ex: mais [mε]
Ex: haie [ε]
Ex: parlais [parlε]
Medial ay in the sound-
...except when voclic harmonization is applied
Ex: payer [pεje] or [peje]
* e followed by n or m (including initial emm and enn) in the same syllable results in-
-the nasal sound [ã]
Ex: ammener [ãm∂ne]
* initial dess, desc, ef, and ess make the sound-
Ex: dessert [desε:r]
(Exceptions: dessous [d∂su]
e (when not nasalized) before final silent consonants, except s and t, makes the sound-
Including verb endings -er and -ez
And polysyllabic nouns/adjectives ending in -er
Ex: pied [pje]
Ex: parler [parle]
Ex: février [fevrje]
* When the syllable following ai has a closed vowel, it may be pronounced-
Ex: plaisir [plezi:r]
o followed by another vowel-letter sounding as a separate vowel sound in the same word
Ex: poète [p⊃εt(∂)]
au only when followed by r
*and in these isolated words:
Ex: Fauré [f⊃re]
Ex: mauvais [m⊃vε]
When -ie is followed by another letter in the syllable it will be
[ije] or [jε]
Ex: hier [jε:r]
when ou is folloew by another vowel in the syllable, it usually acts as
the glide [w]
Ex: ouest [wεst]
Musical settings of polysyllablic words with ou plus vowel usually turn the glide into a vowel
Ex: rouet [rwε] = [ruε]
when the combination of oue is followed by a pronounced consonant plus vowel it is ALWAYS
just [u] in speach and singing
Ex: rouerie [ruri]
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