19 terms

General Science 1-1: Nature of Science

nature of science terms Science 7 Science 8 General Science
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observation
using one or more of the senses to gather information (taste, touch, see, hear or smell)
inference
An idea, intuition or understanding based on data
hypothesis
A testable If, Then, Because prediction
variable
a factor in an experiment that can change, either intentionally (manipulated) or unintentionally (uncontrolled)
control
a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment
experiment
the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation
data
facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations
analysis
the careful examination of data looking for patterns or trends that have meaning
conclusion
a summary of whether the results of the experiment support the hypothesis
scientific method
an organized way to ask questions using carefully developed methods and procedures
accuracy
how close a measured value is to the true or real value
precision
how close a series of measurements are to one another
correlation
mutual relationship between two factors
significant
an observed effect so large that it would rarely occur by chance
measurement
obtaining a number that tells the amount of something
estimate
to make a careful guess related to the number, amount, or size
theory
A unifying explanation for a broad range of hypotheses and observations that have been supported by testing
law
An observation that happens every time under a certain set of conditions
science
study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.