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Geog 202 Exam 3

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1. Which of the following statements about the western interior of China is false?

a) Much of the area is a flat plain.
b) Much of the area is mountainous or is a high plateau.
c) Many of Asia's great rivers arise in the area's highlands.
d) The area is sparsely populated compared to China proper.
e) Much of this area exhibits a highland (H) climate.
a) Much of the area is a flat plain.
2. What is the name of the thick, wind-blown soil formed from pulverization by glaciers?

a) permadust
b) loess
c) Cenozoic drift
d) a morainosol
e) huang soil
b) loess
3. Which country's population identifies as "the people of Han"?

a) Mongolia
b) China
c) Japan
d) Korea
e) Tibet
b) China
4. Which of the following is one of the world's most heavily populated agricultural areas?

a) the Northeast China Plain
b) the Liao-Songhua Basin
c) Xinjiang
d) the Jakota Triangle
e) the North China Plain
e) the North China Plain
5. Which of the following is the Chinese name for Tibet?

a) Pudong
b) Xian
c) Xinjiang
d) Xizang
e) Hainan
d) Xizang
6. Which Special Economic Zone has been the most successful?

a) Macau
b) Shenzhen
c) Guangdong
d) Hainan Island
e) Hong Kong
b) Shenzhen
7. Which of the following is true about the location of the capital of Japan?

a) It was moved from Honshu to Hokkaido in 1948.
b) It was moved from Kyoto to Tokyo by the Meiji rulers.
c) It was moved to Hiroshima after World War II.
d) It has always been located in Osaka.
e) It was moved to the newly planned city of Nippon in 1946.
b) It was moved from Kyoto to Tokyo by the Meiji rulers.
8. Which of the following is true of Japan's population?

a) It is expected to decline over the next half-century.
b) It is concentrated along the shore of the Sea of Japan (East Sea).
c) It exhibits a low rate of literacy.
d) It is concentrated on Hokkaido and Shikoku.
e) It is reflective of a multicultural society.
a) It is expected to decline over the next half-century.
9. Japan's largest and main island, containing the capital and almost all of its core area, is:

a) Kyushu.
b) Honshu.
c) Shikoku.
d) Hokkaido.
e) Sakhalin.
b) Honshu.
10. Which of the following is not a contributing factor to Japan's recent economic problems?

a) a heavy dependence on foreign oil
b) the cost of recovery following the catastrophic Tohoku earthquake
c) a debt twice the size of its GDP
d) geopolitical disputes with countries in the region who would make good economic partners
e) a new emphasis on the development of geothermal power
a) a heavy dependence on foreign oil
11. Which of the following best describes the outcome of the Korean War in the 1950s?

a) defeat of North Korea, which was returned to Japan's control
b) victory for the South, which soon became communist
c) a military stalemate resulting in the enduring division of the country
d) a short pause, followed by renewed war that drags on to this day
e) the unification of the two Koreas
c) a military stalemate resulting in the enduring division of the country
12. South Korea's growth has resulted from an economic system described as:

a) communism.
b) laissez-faire capitalism.
c) globalization.
d) state capitalism.
e) socialism.
d) state capitalism.
13. Taiwan was at one time a colony of:

a) Russia.
b) the United States.
c) Japan.
d) Australia.
e) Britain.
c) Japan.
14. Taiwan is located off the coast of which country?

a) Russia
b) China
c) Korea
d) Vietnam
e) Japan
b) China
15. Which of the following is not considered an Asian Tiger?

a) Hong Kong
b) South Korea
c) North Korea
d) Taiwan
e) Singapore
c) North Korea
16. Which of the following dominates Southeast Asian physiography?

a) extensive plateaus
b) high mountains and valleys
c) extensive flat plains
d) exclusively islands
e) dry-environment landforms
b) high mountains and valleys
17. Half of Southeast Asia's population lives in which two countries?

a) Indonesia and Vietnam
b) Indonesia and the Philippines
c) Vietnam and the Philippines
d) Malaysia and Myanmar
e) Indonesia and Thailand
b) Indonesia and the Philippines
18. Large-scale population clusters in Southeast Asia exist in all but which of the following areas?

a) lower valleys of major rivers
b) deltas of major rivers
c) zones of plantation development in Malaysia
d) areas of volcanic soil in the islands
e) interior highland regions
e) interior highland regions
19. Agriculture in insular Southeast Asia is limited by:

a) desert conditions.
b) loess soils.
c) generally infertile tropical soils.
d) severe dietary restrictions caused by food taboos.
e) All choices are correct.
c) generally infertile tropical soils.
20. Which of the following islands was not colonized by the Dutch?

a) Java
b) Sumatera (Sumatra)
c) Borneo
d) Sulawesi (Celebes)
e) Luzon
e) Luzon
21. Which of the following broke away from Malaysia to become a sovereign city-state in Southeast Asia in 1965?

a) Singapore
b) Hong Kong
c) Sarawak
d) Brunei
e) Borneo
a) Singapore
22. Which ethnic group forms a significant part of the commercial class in Southeast Asia?

a) Indians
b) Japanese
c) Singaporeans
d) Thais
e) Chinese
e) Chinese
23. To what religion do most of the people in Myanmar, Thailand, and Cambodia adhere?

a) Buddhism
b) Hinduism
c) Islam
d) Roman Catholicism
e) the Muslim faith
a) Buddhism
24. Which country is the best example of an elongated state territorial configuration?

a) Cambodia
b) Vietnam
c) Brunei
d) Singapore
e) Philippines
b) Vietnam
25. Saigon has been renamed after ___________, the communist leader who founded modern Vietnam:

a) Viet Cong
b) Kim Il Sung
c) Ho Chi Minh
d) Dien Bien Phu
e) Pol Pot
c) Ho Chi Minh
26. Which country does not border Vietnam?

a) Laos
b) Thailand
c) Cambodia
d) People's Republic of China
e) All of these countries border Vietnam
b) Thailand
27. Angkor Wat is located in which country?

a) Vietnam
b) Cambodia
c) Laos
d) Myanmar
e) Thailand
b) Cambodia
28. Which of the following country-capital associations is false?

a) Philippines and Manila
b) Myanmar and Yangon
c) Indonesia and Jakarta
d) Laos and Hanoi
e) Thailand and Bangkok
d) Laos and Hanoi
29. The insular region of Southeast Asia does not include:

a) Malaysia.
b) Brunei.
c) Singapore.
d) Laos.
e) Thailand.
d) Laos.
30. Which of the following is a former British colony?

a) Myanmar
b) Thailand
c) Cambodia
d) the Philippines
e) East Timor
a) Myanmar
31. Which of the following best defines an archipelago?

a) a chain of islands
b) an elongated state
c) a state with more than one protrusion
d) Laos
e) a divided state on the mainland
a) a chain of islands
32. On which island is the majority of Indonesia's population located?

a) Sulawesi
b) Sumatera
c) Jawa (Java)
d) Kalimantan
e) Timor
c) Jawa (Java)
33. Which island in insular Southeast Asia is known as a mini-continent?

a) Sulawesi
b) Borneo
c) Sumatera
d) Celebes
e) Singapore
b) Borneo
34. Which of the following statements about the physical environment of the Austral realm is false?

a) New Zealand has earthquakes and volcanoes, whereas Australia has only volcanoes.
b) Australia's rocks are much older than those of New Zealand.
c) Australia's highest mountains are the Great Dividing Range, while New Zealand has a spine of much higher mountains.
d) New Zealand has a moderate, moist climate, whereas Australia's climates vary from tropical to Mediterranean to desert.
e) New Zealand has a highland interior, whereas Australia's interior has mainly low relief.
b) Australia's rocks are much older than those of New Zealand.
35. What is the collective name for the animals found in Australia who carry their young in pouches?

a) Eucalyptuses
b) Kangaroos
c) Marsupials
d) Outbacks
e) Anzacs
c) Marsupials
36. What is the term for the study of fauna in spatial perspective?

a) ecology
b) zoogeography
c) phytogeography
d) botanical geography
e) plant geography
a) ecology
37. Which of the following best defines Wallace's Line?

a) the fault in Australia where earthquakes are particularly severe
b) the line separating Australian animal species from non-Australian species
c) the middle ridge of the Great Dividing Range
d) the place at which Australian waters are divided from New Zealand waters
e) the dividing line between the Southern and Pacific oceans
b) the line separating Australian animal species from non-Australian species
38. What is the term for indigenous Australians?

a) Maoris
b) Cook Islanders
c) Aborigines
d) Australindians
e) Marsupials
c) Aborigines
39. For many years, Australia had an immigration policy that:

a) allowed only white people to enter the country.
b) forced Aborigines to move to New Zealand.
c) encouraged migration from Indonesia.
d) allowed only former criminals to move into the country.
e) allowed only relatives of gold miners to enter the country.
a) allowed only white people to enter the country.
40. Which of the following is not one of Australia's major problems?

a) Aboriginal claims
b) environmental degradation
c) immigration issues
d) land border disputes
e) All choices are correct.
d) land border disputes
41. Which of the following statements regarding Australia is false?

a) Australia's total population is modest in size.
b) Most of Australia's core is on the southeastern coast.
c) Most Australians live in rural areas.
d) Much of Australia is arid or semiarid.
e) The capital of Australia is Canberra.
c) Most Australians live in rural areas.
42. Which of the following cities is located nearest the Australian capital of Canberra?

a) Perth
b) Melbourne
c) Auckland
d) Adelaide
e) Brisbane
b) Melbourne
43. Which of the following best describes the governmental structure of Australia?

a) federal state
b) unitary state
c) British colony
d) monarchy
e) indigenous society
a) federal state
44. The island across the Bass Strait off the southeastern coast of Australia is called:

a) Sydney.
b) Canberra.
c) Tasmania.
d) South Island.
e) East Timor.
c) Tasmania.
45. What percentage of Australians lives in cities or towns?

a) 33
b) 48
c) 60
d) 74
e) 82
e) 82
46. What is the term for the vast interior rural area of Australia?

a) national core area
b) Central Australian State
c) Aboriginal Territories
d) Empty Quarter
e) Outback
e) Outback
47. Which of the following has Polynesian roots and is New Zealand's largest ethnic minority group?

a) Aborigines
b) Maori
c) Kiwi
d) Australindians
e) High Islanders
b) Maori
48. Which of the following statements regarding New Zealand is true?

a) New Zealand is only about 100 miles from Australia.
b) While much of interior Australia is desert, most of interior New Zealand is mountainous.
c) The capital of New Zealand is Auckland.
d) New Zealand is comprised of three large islands.
e) Most of New Zealand's population lives in the interior of the North Island.
e) Most of New Zealand's population lives in the interior of the North Island.
49. The economic geography of Australia and New Zealand is dominated by the export of:

a) livestock products.
b) wine.
c) electronics.
d) automobiles.
e) both livestock products and wine.
e) both livestock products and wine.
51. Australia's current population is approximately:

a) 23 million.
b) 50 million.
c) 203 million.
d) 530 million.
e) 750 million.
a) 23 million.
52. Approximately what is the population of New Zealand?

a) 2 million
b) 4.5 million
c) 8 million
d) 10 million
e) 12.5 million
b) 4.5 million
53. Which of the following mountain ranges runs through New Zealand?

a) Southern Alps
b) Southern Rockies
c) Southern Appalachians
d) Southern Smokey
e) Southern Himalayans
a) Southern Alps
55. What is the term for an area within which the UNCLOS allows states to claim all resources that extend up to 200 nautical miles from their coasts?

a) Special Administrative Region
b) Exclusive Economic Zone
c) Underwater Protrusion
d) Extraterritorial Zone
e) Territorial Sea
b) Exclusive Economic Zone
56. When a body of water is less than 24 nautical miles wide, the boundary between the states on each shore is drawn along:

a) Wallace's line.
b) the median line.
c) the right of the left bank.
d) the Political Convergence Line.
e) the deepest channel.
b) the median line.
57. Which country temporarily withdrew from UNCLOS as a direct result of the independence of East Timor?

a) Australia
b) Indonesia
c) New Guinea
d) East Timor
e) New Zealand
a) Australia
58. What is the largest country in Melanesia in terms of territorial size?

a) Solomon Islands
b) Fiji
c) Papua New Guinea
d) Hawai'i
e) Easter Island
c) Papua New Guinea
59. Which Pacific region includes the island of New Guinea?

a) Melanesia
b) Micronesia
c) Polynesia
d) Insular Southeast Asia
e) Indonesia
a) Melanesia
60. Where is the largest cluster of population in Melanesia found?

a) Papua New Guinea
b) Fiji
c) Vanuatu
d) Samoa
e) New Caledonia
a) Papua New Guinea
61. Which of the following is true of the people of New Guinea?

a) They are mostly Chinese.
b) They are Polynesian.
c) They have Indonesian ancestry.
d) They are of Dutch descent.
e) They are Papuans.
e) They are Papuans.
62. Which of the following administered New Guinea prior to independence?

a) Australia
b) New Zealand
c) the Netherlands
d) Indonesia
e) Papua
a) Australia
63. Which of the following is false about Fiji?

a) More than 800,000 people live on about 100 islands.
b) The native inhabitants are related to South Asians.
c) South Asians arrived during the colonial era to work on the sugar plantations.
d) The South Asians have long been political activists.
e) The South Asians have dominated commercial life.
b) The native inhabitants are related to South Asians.
64. Which of the following is located in Micronesia?

a) Hawaiian Islands
b) Marshall Islands
c) New Caledonia
d) Solomon Islands
e) Papua New Guinea
b) Marshall Islands
65. Which Pacific region takes its name from the word for "many" and is contained within a huge triangle whose corners are New Zealand, Easter Island, and the Hawaiian Islands?

a) Polynesia
b) Amnesia
c) Micronesia
d) Melanesia
e) Oceania
a) Polynesia
66. Regionally, the Hawaiian Islands are part of:

a) Melanesia.
b) Micronesia.
c) Polynesia.
d) the Pacific Rim.
e) North America.
c) Polynesia.
67. Which of the following countries has not made a claim to territory in Antarctica?

a) Chile
b) Argentina
c) Australia
d) the United Kingdom
e) the United States
e) the United States
68. Which of the following is not one of the four major cities of the Pacific Realm?

a) Honolulu, Hawai'i
b) Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
c) Noumea, New Caledonia
d) Suva, Fiji
e) Nibok, Nauru
d) Suva, Fiji
69. What does UNCLOS stand for?

a) Urban Nations Compromise on the Land of the Sea
b) United Nations Compromise on the Law of States
c) United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea
d) Urban National Confederation of Laws for the Sea
c) United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea
71. How many miles offshore does an Exclusive Economic Zone extend?

a) 12
b) 100
c) 200
d) 250
e) 1000
c) 200
72. What is the approximate current population of the Pacific Realm?

a) 8 million
b) 14 million
c) 54 million
d) 107 million
e) 109 million
a) 8 million
73. In reference to the Pacific Realm, what does the acronym PNG stand for?

a) pressurized natural gas
b) primary natural gas
c) population negative growth
d) Papua New Guinea
e) pristine nature guide
d) Papua New Guinea
74. Littoral (coastal) states do not end where atlas maps suggest they do. What is the term for the area that is free, open, unfettered by national interests, and beyond the rights of a coastal state?

a) Exclusive Economic Zone
b) territorial sea
c) high sea
d) open sea
e) coastal sea
c) high sea
70. The quest for additional mineral deposits has led to the underwater search for so-called massive sulfides, which are enormous concentrations of:

a) gold.
b) silver.
c) copper.
d) gold, silver, and copper.
e) none of these.
e) none of these.
54. How high are the peaks of the mountains of New Zealand, specifically on the southern island?

a) 2000 feet
b) 5000 feet
c) 10,000 feet
d) 15,000 feet
e) 16,000 feet
c) 10,000 feet
50. Which of the following is not one of the physical landscapes of Australia?

a) Eastern Uplands
b) Central Lowlands
c) Western Plateau and Margins
d) Taiga
e) All choices are correct.
e) All choices are correct.