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American Literature Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (51)
analyzing text for discerning patterns, characterizations, symbolism, philosophy, etc.
involved "larger than life" characters in exotic settings; symbolic, allegorical, and subjective
sought to portray life objectively and accurately, "slice of life" technique
truth is tested by its usefulness or practical consequences
literature that focuses on the characters, dialect, customs, topography, and other features particular to a specific region
literature that depicts social problems and views humans as victims of larger biological, psychological, and social and economic forces
the misapplication of Darwin's theory of "survival of the fittest" to human politics and society
generally considered the greatest American poet; the father of free verse
a form of poetry that doesn't use rhyme or meter
Song of Myself
an epic poem that depicts the breadth of American experience in the post civil war era
"the woman in white"; proto-feminist
"Law of Life"
characters do not have free will; external and internal forces control their behavior
wrote of nature's indifference to man and of man's insignificance in the universe
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
wrote of a woman who finds meaning and madness behind yellow wallpaper
collected movements and ideologies intent on establishing equal rights for women
call the 'Lincoln' of our literature
literary form prevalent after the first world war; focused on a subjective and confusing state of the human condition
label applied by Gertrude Stein to American Modernist writers living in Paris
told the Modernists to "make it new"
a character, action, or situation that represents the universal
explored nature versus civilization; "Mending Wall"
explored perceived reality as an act of imagination; "The Snowman"
William Carlos Williams
Imagist poet; "The Red Wheelbarrow"
explored a revisionist view of Greek mythology
rhymed iambic pentameter
the most common American verse; consists of ten syllable lines with the accent on every second syllable
e. e. cummings
poet known for unconventional syntax and grammatical playfulness
wrote of the id, ego, and superego
stream of consciousness
interior monologue; a literary technique used to depict the inner workings of a character's mind
wrote of a racial experience that negatively colored trip to Boston
wrote of the implications of modernization on Southern identity
a narrator that is lying, confused, dysfunctional, under the influence, etc.
literary form addressing the underbelly of Southern U.S. culture and life
wrote of existential angst and "grace under pressure"
the belief that existence precedes essence
The Harlem Renaissance
a rebirth of African American arts in the 1920s
Zora Neale Hurston
"How it Feels to be Colored Me"
a parody/rejection of the Modernist attempt to find meaning in the confusing modern world, ultimately suggesting that no such meaning can be found
poetry influenced by growing up in a greenhouse
pasting together previous artistic ideas and styles to create something new
continued the gothic narrative tradition in which the devil comes to town
fiction in which the author self-consciously alludes to the artificiality or literariness of a work by parodying or departing from novelistic conventions
the interrelationships between texts, especially works of literature; the way that related texts influence, reflect, or differ from each other
Wrote of life On the Road
post WWII authors who explored: non-traditional narrative, spontaneous composition, jazz rhythms, the spiritual quest, religion, anti-materialist values, unpolished portrayals of human experience and life, alcohol, psychedelic drugs, and sexual liberation
The critical perspective that suggests that all language functions by degrees of comparison (and all comparisons rely on the reader's experience, intelligence, prior knowledge, etc.), thereby eliminating the possibility for a single objective reading
using unexceptional characters, events, and settings to emphasize the pointless or mundane
using a mixture of intellectual ideas, figures, and terms with slang. Lacking a differentiation between "high" and "low" culture
explored reader culpability and cultural influence on friendship
central figure of the Harlem Renaissance