Students begin the within-word pattern stage when they can spell most one-syllable short-vowel words, and during this stage, they learn to spell long-vowel patterns and r-controlled vowels. They experiment with long-vowel patterns and learn that words such as come and bread are exceptions that don't fit the vowel patterns. Students may confuse spelling patterns and spell meet as mete, and they reverse the order of letters, such as form for from and gril for girl. They also learn about complex consonant sounds, including -tch (match) and -dge (judge), and less frequent vowel patterns, such as oi/oy (boy), au (caught), aw (saw), ew (sew, few), ou (house), and ow (cow). Students also become aware of homophones and compare long-and short-vowel combinations (hope-hop) as they experiment with vowel patterns.
Students at this stage are 7- to 9-year-olds, and they learn these spelling concepts:
Long-vowel spelling patterns
More-complex consonant patterns
Diphthongs and other less common vowel patterns