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Genre of Tales and Terms

Genre of Tales and Terms in the middle ages- British Lit.
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Chivalric Romance
A nonscholarly narrative in metrical verse; tales of love, adventure, knightly conflict, and pageantry
Myth
Retelling of a classical myth
Breton Lais
Set in Brittany region of France; tales, Celtic in origin, of magic, fairies, folk lore, and courtly love
Beast Fable
Animals are given human qualities and are involved in clever tales that preach a moral lesson
Prose Allegory
Nonpoetic tale in which people and things represent abstract qualities
Mock-Heroic
Ridicules, by imitation, chivalric literature and heroic characters
Mock-Romance
Ridicules the chivalric romance by parody
Jokes
Humorous incidents that ridicule people
Fabliau
Stories based on clever tricks involving infidelity
Sermon
An oratory preaching a Christian message
Exemplum
A sermon that illustrates a known moral lesson
Saint's Legend
Tales of inspirational acts or martyrdom
Miracle of the Virgin
Tales in which the Virgin Mary miraculously aids a follower in time of need
Moral Tale
Tales to inspire moral conduct in the listener
Ballad
a short narrative poem originally composed to be sung
Strophe
a stanza
Tone
the mood of a piece of work
Incremented Repetition
the repetition of a previous line, or lines, but with a slight variation each time thata dvances the narrative stanza by stanza. It is commonly used in the ballad
Theocentric
the medieval idea of a god-centered universe
Feudalism
a complicated system of land holding
Romance
any imaginative literature that is set in an idealzed world and deals with heroic adventures and battles
Allegory
a literary work w/ two or more levels of meaning- one literal and one symbolic (the setting, objects, and characters stand of ideas or qualities beyond themselves)
Miracle and Mystery Plays
plays that depicted stories about the life of Christ or stories from the bible
Morality Plays
a poetic drama developed in the middle ages. dramatized allegory containing abstract virtues. Good and bad usually struggle for the soul of man.
Framework Narrative
a story within a narrative setting or frame, a story within a story
Heroic Couplet
A verse form which consists of rhymed pairs of five beat iambic lines
Physiognomy
The art of estimating character from the features of the face or the form of the body
Satire
A type of writing that mocks or ridicules the weakness and wrongdoing of individuals, groups, or humanity in general
Hyperbole
A deliberate exaggeration or overstatement