You have isolated a cell with a peptidoglycan cell wall. What other structure can you safely assume the cell has?
a plasma membrane
You are observing a Gram stain of rectangular-shaped microorganisms that are linked in a chain and stain purple. How would you describe these bacteria using the correct terminology for the cell shape and arrangement?
A Gram stain of a wound reveals purple, spherical-shaped bacteria that divide and remain attached in grapelike clusters. These are referred to as __________.
Do gram-negative cell walls contain teichoic acid?
What processes uses membrane proteins that act as channels or carriers allowing ions or large molecules to move across the plasma membrane without using energy?
Which bacterial structure is necessary for chemotaxis?
How many endospores does a bacteria cell make?
What packages and secretes proteins within a cell?
The Golgi Complex
What creates a slimy, slippery coating that prevents bacteria from attaching to surfaces?
Do animal cells contain cell walls?
Spirochetes and spirilla are both spiral-shaped bacteria. However, they differ in that spirochetes have __________ and spirilla do not.
Which type of cell's DNA is not enclosed within a membrane?
Which type of cell's DNA is associated with histones?
Which type of cell has membrane enclosed organelles?
Which type of cell has a cell wall that almost always contains peptidoglycan?
Which type of cell divides by binary fission?
Which type of cell has a nucleus?
Which type of cell has DNA that is made up of multiple chromosomes?
Is Bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic?
Is Archae prokaryotic or eukaryotic?
Is fungi prokaryotic or eukaryotic?
Is protozoa prokaryotic or eukaryotic?
Is algae prokaryotic or eukaryotic?
Which bacteria shape is spherical?
Which bacteria cell shape is rod shaped?
Which bacteria cell shape is spiral
Bacteria cells arranged in pairs are labeled what?
Bacteria cells arranged in chains are labeled what?
Bacteria cells arranged in clusters are labeled what?
What is a Sugar coating that is firmly attached to the cell wall of a bacteria cell?
What is a Sugar coating that is loosely attached to the cell wall of a bacteria cell?
How do bacteria cells move?
What is the movement of bacteria cells from a stimulus called?
Taxis in response to chemicals is called what?
Taxis in response to sunlight is called what?
Bacteria without flagella are called what?
Which type of bacteria cell moves in a corkscrew manner?
What type of cell structure is used by gram negative bacteria cells to adhere to surfaces?
What type of cell structure is used by gram negative bacteria cells to transfer DNA from one cell to another?
What is conjugation?
The transfer of genetic information through pilli
What is the major function of the cell wall?
To protect the cell from rupturing when the water pressure inside the cell is greater than that outside the cell
Do gram-positive or gram-negative cell walls have many layers or peptidoglycan?
Which type of cell wall contains teichoic acids, gram positive or negative?
What makes it possible for teichoic acids to be identified through lab tests?
Which type of cell wall contains a cell membrane, gram positive or negative?
Which genus of bacteria lack cell walls completely?
Which type of bacteria does not react to the gram staining test?
Which type of bacteria can only be identified with the acid fast test? Why?
mycobacteria, because of its high concentration of mycolic acid
Which part of bacteria cells is most targeted by antimicrobial drugs?
The cell wall
Which enzyme is used to damage the cell walls of many gram positive bacteria?
Which type of bacteria has atypical cell walls?
Which type of cell is made up of Gram-negative cell lipopolysaccharides, gram positive or gram negative?
Which type of cell is made up of Gram-negative cell teichoic acids, gram positive or gram negative?
Do gram positive bacteria have cell membranes?
What is the phopholipid bilayer with peripheral and integral proteins that encloses the cytoplasm of a prokaryotic cell called?
Do prokaryotes have organelles?
The dynamic arrangement of the phospholipids and proteins within the plasma membrane is referred to as the ______.
fluid mosaic model
Where within a cell is the bacteria chromosome found?
What are the small circular extrachromosomal genetic elements of bacteria called?
What controls protein synthesis within a cell? Where is it found?
What are inclusions?
Specific storage areas of a cell
What are are highly resistant bodies formed by certain gram-positive bacteria called?
Which genus of bacteria can cause gangrene, tetanus, botulism, and food poisoning?
Which genus of bacteria can cause anthrax?
What is passive diffusion?
When molecules are allowed to pass through a cell's membrane freely
Which type of molecules cannot undergo passive diffusion?
Charged and large molecules
What type of molecules tend to get stuck within a cell's membrane? Why?
Hydrophobic molecules, because the cell membrane is hydrophobic
Which type of transport across the cytoplasmic membrane requires a transport protein?
Which type of transport across the cytoplasmic membrane requires the use of ATP?
Which type of cytoplasmic membrane protein can act as enzymes or receptors?
The Phospholipid tail located within the cytoplasmic membrane is ______?
Are peripheral proteins used for the transport of molecules?
Diffusion is an example of which type of molecule transport?
Osmosis is an example of which type of molecule transport?
What is diffusion?
The movement of a molecule from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
What type of molecules can undergo diffusion?
Dissolved oxygen, dissolved carbon dioxide, small alcohols, and small fatty acids
What is osmosis?
The diffusion of water
Which type of cell has a cell membrane, gram positive or gram negative?