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Hetherington World History Chapter 24 (Multiple Choice)
Terms in this set (18)
With what two factors is the rise of modern nationalism associated?
- spread of democratic ideas
- the growth of an educated middle class
In what two areas (outside Greece) was their widespread support for Greek independence?
- educated Europeans and Americans
For what two reasons did the French accept Louis Napoleon declaring himself Emperor Napoleon III?
- they were weary of instability
- they welcomed a strong ruler who would bring peace to France
The failure of what two things contributed to the failure of the Russian government to adequately supply its troops during the Crimean War?
In what manner did the abolition of serfdom go "... only halfway"?
debt continued to tie serfs to the land
In Europe in 1815, what nations could be correctly called "nation-states"?
France, England, Spain
What socio-economic class usually led the struggle for constitutional government and the formation of nation-states?
liberal middle class
Why were Russian czars reluctant to free the serfs?
freeing them would anger landowners
What two types of nationalist movements can evolve in lands with culturally distinct groups?
With what 19th century Russian czar the policy known as "Russification" most closely associated?
What action by the Ottoman government in 1856 angered the Turks?
granting of equal citizenship to all people under their rule
What two advantages did Prussia enjoy that helped that state to forge a strong German Nation?
- mainly German population
- most powerful army in central Europe
By 1871, what two nations were the most powerful - militarily and economically - in Europe?
Following the revolutions of 1848, intellectuals and artists expressed a "realistic" view of the world. What characterized this view?
- rich pursued their selfish interests
- ordinary people suffered and struggled
What was the key element of Romanticism?
What was the goal of the Impressionist painters?
to show their impression of a subject or moment in time; to record the perceptions of the human eye rather than reality
What two popular Romantic themes are in Eugene Delacroix's The Lion Hunt"?
- exotic cultures
What goal of the Realists is represented in Gustave Courbet's "The Stone Breakers"?
to portray everyday life as it was, without making it pretty
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