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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (41)
What are the 4 keys to understanding Genesis 1:3-2:3 according to the lectures?
Monotheism, Centrality to humankind, Sabbath, Creation as good since God made it
Recent studies on the concept of the "Image of God" (Imago Dei), with the help of Egyptian and Mesopotamian literature, indicate that it means?
We are God's representatives on earth
According to Albrecht Alt's idea of the "God of the Fathers" what are the two outstanding aspects of patriarchal religion and their significance?
Siteless: God with you always, no specific location; Nameless: Emphasis on a personal relationship
What are the 2 significances of the El-type names?
Location: sited; Interrelationship with the non-abrahamic people
Name the six elements of the prophetic call narrative.
Divine confrontation, Introductory word, Commission, Objection, Reassurance, Sign
List 5 out of the 9 points discussed concerning the Theology of the Tabernacle.
Portable sanctuary, Where God dwells, Made from divine pattern, Tablets of decalogue, Sin of golden calf
What was the primary purpose for the Exodus according to the book of Exodus? Explain with examples.
WORSHIP; Leaving Egypt, Convenant code: preparation, Tabernacle and religious paraphernalia, Sin of golden calf
Explain the significance of Leviticus 10:10.
Holy/common, Pure/impure, Clean/unclean; definition of common is complicated because it is only used in Torah
What are the 6 components of the Hittite Suzerain Treaties?
Preamble, Historical prologue, General stipulations, Specific stipulations, Divine witness, Blessings and curses
What are the major theme(s) of the Deuteronomistic History that have been proposed and by whom?
Judgement (Martin Noth), Forgiveness (Von Rad), Repentance (Wolff), Good (Brueggemann), No other Gods (Fretheim)
List the 4 important elements that Patrick Miller Jr. highlights about God as the "Divine Warrior" in his book Divine Warrior in Early Israel.
Prevalence, Salvation, Judgement, Warrior ties directly to kingship
Explain the strategic placement and the theological significance of the Gideon story in the book of Judges.
Exact center of Judges, shows transition from against idolatry to falling into it, Positive statement of unified nation to civil war ((cuts the book in half))
Explain the Anti- and Pro- Monarchial sentiment beginning in the Judges and running through 1 Samuel.
Pro: 1 Samuel 9:1-10:16, 11:1-15:1, 13-14
Anti: 1 Samuel 7, 8, 10:17-27, 12
-Hannah's prayer, Defeat without a king, Rules of kingship, Saul becoming king (pro)
List the 5 major components of Zion-Sabaoth Theology.
Yahweh is king, Yahweh's choice of Jerusalem, Yahweh's rebuke, Implications for inhabitants, Enemy
There are many prophetic stories in the books of First and Second Kings. Give the names of 4 prophets that appear in these books.
Elijah, Elisha, Isaiah, Nathan
What and where (two places) was the sin of Jeroboam the son of Nabat?
Golden calf, Dan and Bethel
List 3 events concerning King David that are recorded in 1 & 2 Samuel that do not appear in 1 Chronicles.
Adultery of Bathsheba & murder of Uriah, Rape of Tamar & Absalom's murder of Ammon, David and Nabal
List 2 differences of the depiction of Manasseh in 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles.
2 Kings: Manasseh responsible for destruction of Jerusalem
2 Chronicles: He repents and is not responsible for destruction
List the 4 anomalies of the book of Daniel.
Regarded as a prophet, Greek translation has 4 added parts, Bilingual (Hebrew & Aramaic), Formal variety of book (genre doesn't match division of Bilingualism)
What is chronological displacement? Give two examples.
Out of chronological order; Tower of Babel, Genesis 11
How does James Kugel explain parallelism?
A what's more, B
Three passages in Job's dialogue with his friends that reflect his faith in an intermediary and are possibly the "things too wonder" are:
9:32-35- umpire, 16:18-21- witness, 19:23-27- redeemer
List the 5 major genres that are found in the book of Psalms.
Individual lament, Collective lament, Individual thanksgiving, Collective thanksgiving, Hymns
What was the name of the festival the Sigmund Mowinckel hypothesized?
"Festival of Yahweh's Enthronement"
Name the three scholars and something that characterizes their understanding of Qoheleth's teaching that was introduced in class.
Crenshaw- Wisdom fails, Fox- life should have a correspondence with deeds and consequences but reality doesn't match that so it is all absurd, Whybry- preacher of joy
List two countries other than Israel that have ancient love letters/poetry/epics and one thing that is characteristic of their writings.
Ancient Mesopotamia- gods & goddesses
Egypt- love letters from men to women
Compare and contrast the theological roles of the prophet and the priest.
Prophet: called, messenger of yahweh, intercession, workers of miracles, anointer of kings and political leaders
Priest: hereditary, cult functionary- sacrifices, praise, and atoning, teach the Torah
Name the 4 classical writing prophets that come from the 8th century.
Amos, Hosea, Micah, Isaiah
Name 3 post-exilic writing prophets.
Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
What is an OAN?
Oracles Against the Nations
Identify the 4 classifications of sins in the first part of Isaiah and the chapters that they are associated with.
1) Concrete sin - Isaiah 2-5
2) National sin - Isaiah 6-23
3) Cosmic collective universal sin - Isaiah 3-23
4) Abstract - Isaiah 24-27
Isaiah's consistent message is to _________ in Yahweh.
Identify the passage in Isaiah that teaches the vicarious suffering of the Servant of Yahweh.
What were the 4 aspects of the book of Jeremiah that makes it unique?
Longest book, Prophet as a truly human character, Late 7th-early 6th century important time period, New covenant
What were the 3 biblical sources the Brueggeman listed for Jeremiah's message? And what was Jeremiah's two-fold message according to Brueggeman?
Biblical sources: Sinai covenant, Deuteronomy, book of Hosea
Two fold message: Judgement and restoration/hope
Give one example each from Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel of a prophetic dramatization.
Isaiah ran around naked for three years, Jeremiah buried the waistband then put it on, Ezekiel ate a scroll
Jeremiah 7 and 26 refer to the destruction of a temple that existed before the Jerusalem Temple. Name that city.
What were the three basic periods in the book of Ezekiel and what message was communicated during those three periods?
593-587 BC- Unconditional destruction, 586-585 BC- Period of comfort, 585 BC- Unconditional salvation
Name the twelve minor prophets and one thing unique about their message.
1) Amos-Words and Visions
2) Hosea-election, infidelity and rejection but also of restoration after punishment
3) Jonah-God loves sinners-
4)Micah-sins of Israel
6) Zephaniah-Judgment against Judah and Jerusalem
7) Habakkuk-Problem of Divine Justice
8) Joel-promise of blessing in vegetation terms
9) Obadiah-hope of Jerusalem
10) Haggai-Appeal to rebuild the temple, no temple, no people, no future
11) Zechariah- the exile will not be truly over until the temple has been rebuilt
12) Malachi-Israel's election as God's people, bound to God's service in a covenant relationship
What were the three areas of theological crises in the exile?
Land, Temple, Monarch
What were the 5 major themes that connect the book of the twelve?
God gives the grain, wine, and oil; The day of the Lord; God's universal sovereignty in terms of the OAN; Paradigm of sin, judgement/punishment, restoration/salvation (salvation comes via judgement); Significance of the temple
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