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PSYCH EXAM 4 Personality
Terms in this set (21)
What is Personality?
relatively stable and enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions
what are traits?
characteristics that can be used to describe someone
what are trait theories?
approach to study human personality
What are Freud's three levels of consciousness?
Conscious, Preconscious, and Unconscious
Immature, impersonal, irrational also known as the pleasure principle is what Freuds mental structures?
More mature than id, develops as a child grows older, and operates on the reality principle.
Follows the morality principle and develops last and in our conscience.
Who said that everyone has an inferiority complex whic comes from our helplessness as infants and we try to overcome feelings of inferiority through a "Will to power"
Who divided the unconscious into: Personal Unconscious and Collective unconscious?
Who said adult personality is shaped by childs relationship to parents not by psychosexual stages?
What are 3 criticisms of Psychoanalytic theories?
Lack of cross cultural support, Difficult to test, and overemphasizes biology and unconscious forces.
What is self concept?
All the information and belifes that you have about yourself (how you think about yourself)
What is Congruence?
A good match between life experiences and self concept
How does the brain contribute to personality?
Left frontal lobe associated with sociability and the right lobe associated with shyness.
How does neurochemistry contribute to personality?
Dopamine correlated with novelty seeking
How does genetics contribute to personality
twin studies suggest that 40-50 percent of big five personality is genetic
What type of personality test is paper and pencil, self report which is culturally bias and does not perfectly measure what it claims to.
Objective Personality Test
What type of personality test that presents ambiguous stimuli to the test taker to "project" her/her unconscious thoughts and is very time consuming and difficult to interpret objectively?
Projective Personality test
What is Self-efficacy?
the learned belief that one is capable of mastering new skills and achieving personal goals
what is reciprocal determinism?
the environment influences self-efficacy, but self-efficacy also influences the environment
what is locus of control?
having control over your life and problems, internally or externally.
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