A personal foul is a player foul, which involves contact with an opponent whether the ball is in play, live or dead. A player shall not block, hold, push, charge, trip, impede the progress of an opponent by extending its arm, shoulder, hop or knee, or by bending his body into other than normal position, nor use any rough tactics. A dribbler shall not charge into nor contact an opponent in his path, nor attempt to dribble between an opponent and a boundary line, unless there is a reasonable chance for him/her to go through without contact. Once a dribbler has head and shoulders past, any subsequent contact is the opponent's responsibility. If a dribbler has established a straight-line path, he may not be forced out of that path; the dribbler must stop or change direction. Contact with a player in the act of shooting should be penalized.