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kins 2504 final chapter 10
Terms in this set (59)
Diseases of the heart and blood vessels are collectively known as which of the following?
Which of the following statements is true regarding the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in males and females?
It's the leading cause of death in America for both men and women.
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease in middle-aged adults is approximately ________.
________ is the leading cause of death in the United States.
Which cost of cardiovascular disease is expected to increase to $276 billion by 2030?
loss of job productivity
By 2030, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in the United States is expected to
increase by about 10%
The cardiovascular system includes
heart and blood vessels
Which of the following countries has the highest incidence of deaths attributed to cardiovascular disease?
In a healthy 10-year-old, arterial walls are ________ and ________.
strong and elastic
Blood returns from the body back to the heart via the
Plaques are defined as
accumulated waxy debris in arteries
Arterial stenosis is
narrowing of the arteries
Arterial stenosis can cause
inflammation of the arteries can be caused by
What role does the herpes virus play in cardiovascular disease?
contributes to inflammation of artery walls
Homocysteine and C-reactive proteins are indicators of
inflammation of inner linings of artery walls
Hardening or stiffening of the arteries as plaque accumulates at injury sites in the inner linings of the arteries is known as
which of the following is typical of diastolic blood pressure?
declines after age 55
Pressure applied to the walls of the arteries during the heart's relaxation phase is known a
Pressure applied to the walls of the arteries when the heart contracts is known as
________ is the most common form of cardiovascular disease.
In a blood pressure reading of 110/70, 110 represents ________ pressure and 70 represents ________ pressure.
Hypertension can cause which of the following?
blood vessel damage
At what age do women have a higher incidence of hypertension than men?
Which of the following is true of hypertension?
Depression and high alcohol consumption increase the risk for hypertension
Atherosclerosis that occurs in the extremities is called
peripheral artery disease
Which of the following is classified as Stage 1 hypertension?
________ is the medical term for a heart attack.
MI (myocardial infraction)
________ is the type of cardiovascular disease that causes the most deaths.
coronary heart disease
Chest pain due to ischemia is called
Nitroglycerin tablets are recommended to address which condition?
A sporadic, quivering heartbeat pattern is known as what?
An irregular heartbeat is known as
Congestive heart failure results in
an enlarged heart
A hemorrhagic stroke is defined as
a stroke resulting from a burst blood vessel.
An audible sound based on an irregular heart valve that allows turbulent blood flow through the heart is known as
Heart disease present at birth is known as
congenital heart disease
Blockage of blood flow to the brain is known as
Which symptom of a heart attack is more likely in men than in women?
pain in the center of the chest
Which of the following factors increases a person's risk for cardiovascular disease?
Smokers have a ________% greater risk for cardiovascular disease than nonsmokers.
Nicotine causes which of the following?
increased blood pressure
The greatest preventable risk factor for cardiovascular disease is
________ and ________ fats can cause an increase in blood cholesterol levels.
The role of HDL cholesterol is to
remove plaque deposits from artery walls
The best method of evaluating risk from blood cholesterol is to
examine the ratio of HDL to total cholesterol
Which of the following is known as "good cholesterol"?
Which of the following is known as "bad cholesterol"?
The heart works harder to transport blood in people who
Moderate physical activity ________ risk for cardiovascular disease.
Approximately ________% of people with diabetes die from some form of cardiovascular disease.
Which condition is a cluster of obesity-related risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes?
Stress can increase risk for cardiovascular disease by
causing heart rhythm abnormalities
High intake of which substance is associated with a decreased risk for cardiovascular disease?
Excessive alcohol intake contributes to which of the following risk factors for cardiovascular disease?
increase blood pressure
The majority of heart attacks occur in which age group?
Menopause increases a woman's risk for cardiovascular disease by causing
an increase in LDLs
Which ethnic group has the greatest risk for cardiovascular disease?
The DASH diet recommends increased intake of
fruits and vegetables
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