How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

103 terms

A&P

Chapter 1,4,5
STUDY
PLAY
The epidermis is said to be___ stratified squamous epithelium
Keratinized
Any gland that has no duct that secretes directly into the blood is called ____ gland.
Endocrine
Hyaline cartilage is covered by fibrous connective tissue membrane called the____.
Perichondrium
All the material that occurs outside the cell is called____ material.
Extracellular
Tendons are in a category called __________ connective tissue because all their fibers are more or less parallel and closely spaced
Dense Regular
A simple epithelium is one in which every cell reaches the _________.
basement membrane
All connective tissues consist of cells, fibers, and ___________.
Ground Substance
The cell body of a neuron usually has one axon and numerous _______ extending from it.
Dendrites
The growth of a tissue due to enlargement of its cells, but not involving the production of new cells, is called _______.
Hypertrophy
Glands that produce thin, watery secretions are called _______ glands.
Serous
The primary purpose of a fixative is to prevent tissue decay.
True
In a connective tissue, the extracellular matrix occupies more space than the cells do.
True
In an epithelium, there is no extracellular matrix.
False
Apoptosis is tissue growth through cell multiplication.
False
After a cartilage cell becomes trapped in a lacuna, it is called a chondrocyte.
True
A gland can be mucous or serous, but not both.
False
The word oste- pertains to bone.
True
As people get older, brown fat constitutes a greater percentage of their body weight.
False
There is a layer of areolar tissue immediately deep to the epidermis.
True
Most of the space within a cell is filled with interstitial fluid.
False
Each hair grows in an oblique epithelial tube called a____.
Follicle
The holocrine glands of the skin secrete___.
Sebum
Dead keratinized cells form the stratum ___ of the skin.
Corneum
A deficiency in oxygen in the blood can rise to a skin color called___.
Cyanosis
The finger nails are composed of the protein____.
Keratin
Perspiration creates a low-pH film on the skin called___.
An acid mantle
Sweat is expelled by contractions of the __________ cells in the base of the gland
Myoepithelial
Axillary sweat glands are in a class called ________ glands after a former, mistaken belief about their mode of secretion.
Apocrine
Earwax is also called _________.
Cerumen
Jaundice can result from ingestion of large amounts of dietary carotene.
False
The margins of the lips are red because of high density of blood capillaries in the epidermis.
False
It is physiologically important for some ultraviolet light to penetrate the epidermis.
True
Oxygen cannot diffuse through the skin
False
Men and women have about the same average number of hairs per square centimeter on the face.
True
A man cannot inherit pattern baldness from his father of pass it down to his son, but he can pass it down to his daughter.
True
Apocrine sweat glands first develop at puberty.
True
Malignant melonoma is the most deadly and most common form of skin cancer.
False
Second-degree burns are painless because the sensory nerve endings are destroyed.
False
Basal and Squamous cell carcinomas are benign forms of skin cancer.
False
In thin skin, the ____ is absent
Stratum Lucidum of the epidermis
Which of the following correctly lists the level of human structural complexity from the smallest to the largest structural units?
Organelles-Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ Systems-Organism
The smallest structural unit that biologists consider being alive are ___.
Cells
The presence of receptors and effectors is essential to which of the following characteristics of living organisms?
Responsiveness
This primate trait is unusal among mammals
color vision
He invented the first useful compound microscope.
Leeuwenhoek
The microscope developed by Leeuwenhoek was most similar to today's
hand-held magnifying glasses
All new epidermal cells arise from
the stratum basale
The most similar negative feedback in human physiology.
A toilet tank that refills itself after a flush.
Cilia are most likely to be seen on ____ epithelium
Pseudostratified
A tissue specialized for energy storage and thermal insulation is ____.
Adipose Tissue
A decrease in the size of a tissue or organ is ___.
Atrophy
The internal lining of the esophagus and adult vagina is___.
a stratified squamous epithelium
Which type of epithelium is best suited for rapid filtration?
simple squamous
Tissue gel gets its viscous consistency from its ____.
glycosaminoglycans
Which is associated with touch?
Merkel Cells
Areolar tissue is found in the____.
Papillary Layer
Stretch marks result from ____.
torn collagen fibers
The fastest rate of mitosis is seen in ____.
the stratum basale
____ are single mucus-secreting cells found in the epithelia of many mucous memebranes.
Goblet Cells
A tissue most like the endothelium that lines the blood vessels is___.
The epithelium that lines the esophagus.
The epithelium that lines the stomach and the intestines is ____.
simple columnar
The ultimate fate of an epidermal kertatinocyte is described by the term ____.
Desquamation
What is not a human organ system?
epidermal
The gel of the extracellular matrix is composed mostly of water and _____.
Proteoglycans.
The only type of cell seen in a tendon is____.
Fibroblasts
The shape of a persons ear is due mainly to____.
Elastic Cartilage
A____ is a patch where two cells are physically joined together.
Desmosome
The secretory cells of a gland are supported by a connective tissue framework called the ____.
Stroma
Glands that produce a thick, sticky secretion are called ___ glands.
Mucous
A tissue with closely spaced cells and no blood vessels is_____.
Epithelium
The only type of muscle with multinucleated fibers is ____.
Skeletal Muscle
The abnormal death of a tissue is called____.
Necrosis
In cold weather, ____ may occur from reduced blood circulation through the skin.
Cyanosis
An epidermal cell with an immunological function
Langerhans Cell
Tendons and ligaments are made predominately of the protein.
Collagen
Osseous Tissue is more comonly known as ___.
Bone
The space under the tip of the fingernail is the____.
Free Edge
What are the four types of tissue?
Connective, Epithelial, Muscle, Nervous
An organ, by definition, is composed of two or more types of ____.
Tissues
The apocrine type of sweat gland is found ___.
in the groin.
The integumentary glands that normally develop at puberty are___.
Apocrine glands
Any zone of tissue injury is called a____.
Lesion
Debridement is used for ____.
Third Degree burns.
Tendons are composed of _____tissue.
Dense Regular
The formation of scar tissue.
Fibrosis
All glands that produce their products by way of ducts are called___
Exocrine.
The simple squamous epithelium that lines the body cavities and covers the outer surfaces of the viscera is called?
mesothelium
The perichondrium is a layer of fibroconnective tissue surrounding____
Most cartilage
A____is a relatively impenetrable attachment between two epithelial cells formed by membrane proteins that interlock somewhat like a zipper.
Tight Junction
In all mucous membranes, an epithelium rests on a connective tissue layer called _____.
The lamina propria.
A hair receives its nutrition from____
the dermal papilla.
The parts of the hair from deepest in the skin to the part above the surface respectively are___
The bulb,root, shaft
the difference between a round hair and a flattened hair is related to___
the difference in hair growth rate.
The glands most responsible for cooling the skin are____.
Merocrine glands
in thick skin, the layers of the epidermis from deep to superficial are the stratum_____.
basale, spinosum,granulosum,lucidum,corneum
Two of the types of cartilage are hyaline and ___
Elastic.
What is not a connective tissue?
Muscle
In a/an ___gland, entire cells break down to form the secretion.
Holocrine
Nervous tissue consists predominately of two cell types, neurons and___.
neuroglia
Blood vessels are lacking from___
epithelial tissue and cartilage.
All permanent connective tissue orginates with the ___ of the embryo.
Mesenchyme
What fibers are branched?
Reticular
The synthesis of ___ depends on the penetration of the ultraviolet light through the epidermis.
Vitamin D