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Terms in this set (48)
A brief reference to a person, place, event, or passage in a work of literature or the Bible assumed to be sufficiently well known to be recognized by the reader
The comparison of two pairs that have the same relationship.
A short, entertaining account of some happening, frequently person or biographical.
A concise statement of principle or a precept given in concise words.
Appeals to passion (pathos), ethics (ethos), or logic (logos).
Appeal to Authority
Citation of information from people recognized for their special knowledge of a subject for the purpose of strengthening a speaker's or writer's argument.
Appeal to Fear
An emotional appeal; uses information likely to frighten the audience for the purpose of strengthening a speaker's or writer's argument.
Appeal to Patriotism
An emotional appeal; appeals to the audience's love of country, persuading them to act by implying they are treasonous they chose not to.
Appeal to Pride
An emotional appeal; used to convince the audience that they must act in order to maintain dignity and self-respect.
Anticipation of Objection
A technique by which the writer or speak anticipates objections his audience may have to his argument and points out the error in their objections.
Cause and Effect Analysis
Analyze why something happens and describe the consequences of a string of the events.
An extended metaphor or analogy of two strikingly different things.
Comparison and Contrast
Discuss similarities and differences.
To compare as to point out striking differences.
Contrasting ideas such as black and white.
Correction of Erroneous Views
Pointing out where another's observations need modification or correction.
An acknowledgment of objections to a proposal.
Proposing measures to eliminate undesirable conditions.
Provide the meaning of terms you use.
Detail sensory perceptions of a person, place, or thing.
Choice of words.
Division and Classification
Divide a whole into parts or sort related items into categories.
Use of words likely to engage strong emotions in the audience.
A protracted metaphor or conceit which makes a series of parallel comparisons.
Provide examples or cases in point.
Action that interrupts to show an event that happened at an earlier time, which is necessary to better understand current information.
Using excessive, untrue, or insincere praise in an attempt to ingratiate oneself with the audience, and therefore make them more likely to accept your opinion.
An attempt to convince the audience that God is on the side of the speaker or writer and that failure to side with the speaker's or writer's argument will be the equivalent of a failure to defend God.
An extravagant exaggeration of fact, used whether for serious or comic effect.
Lively descriptions which impress the images of things upon the mind: figures of speech.
A method of humorous or sarcastic expression in which the intended meaning of the word is the opposite of their usual meeting.
A logical argument that attempts to convince the audience that they have no other choice but to accept the writer's or speaker's views.
Arguing according to the principles of correct reasoning; showing what can be expected because of what has gone before.
Metaphor and Simile
A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared
Using a part to name the whole, or using the name of one thing for that of another associated with it.
The use of disparaging or abusive names to attack those who oppose the speaker or writer.
Recount an event.
A contradiction in terms.
Reveals a kind of truth, which at first seems contradictory.
Using the same part of speech or syntactic structure in (1) each element of series, (2) before and after coordinating conjunctions, or (3) after each of a pair of correlative conjunctions
A humorous exaggerated imitation, or travesty.
Giving human qualities to animals or objects.
The constant use of certain words.
To ask a question of an audience to engage them without having a response from the audience.
A taunting, sneering, cutting. or caustic remark.
Literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness.
Style, Tone, and Voice
The attitude a writer takes towards a subject or character.
Using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning.
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