The American Vision Chapter 25
Terms in this set (24)
Separate but equal
the judicial precedent established by in the Plessy v Ferguson decision that enabled states to interpret the equal protection provision of the fourteenth amendment as a means of establishing segregation
de facto segregation
segregation (especially in schools) that happens in fact although not required by law
nonviolent protests in which a person sits and refuses to leave
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
(NAACP); Founded by W.E.B Du Bois in 1910 in order to help create more social and economic opportunities for blacks
American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor.
Black girl who was refused enrollment in the closest school to her house because of segregation.
Martin Luther King Jr.
United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks (1929-1968)
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
An organization founded by MLK Jr., to direct the crusade against segregation. Its weapon was passive resistance that stressed nonviolence and love, and its tactic direct, though peaceful, confrontation.
a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Involved in the American Civil Rights Movement formed by students whose purpose was coordinate a nonviolent attack on segregation and other forms of racism.
Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation
United States civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in traditionally segregated Mississippi (born in 1933)
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
1965; invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; as more blacks became politically active and elected black representatives, it rboguth jobs, contracts, and facilities and services for the black community, encouraging greater social equality and decreasing the wealth and education gap
discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
the belief that blacks should fight back if attacked. it urged blacks to achieve economic independence by starting and supporting their own business.
created in July, 1967 by President Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots in the United States
A battle against racial discrimination led by Dr. King. Marchers were threatened and protected by police. King made victory.
Richard J. Daley
mayor of Chicago who ordered the police to protect the protesters in the Chicago Movement
head of the SNCC making a separatist philosophy of black power as the official objective of the organization
spread ideas of black nationalism. disagreed w/ both the tactics and goals of the early civil rights movement. minister of the nation of isam. rejected his original name because it was his family's slave name
a militant Black political party founded in 1965 to end political dominance by Whites
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