Chapter 16 Terms and Names
Terms in this set (24)
Last name means "man of steel," took control of the country. Stalin focused on creating a model communist state. In so doing, he made both agricultural and industrial growth the prime economic goals of the Soviet Union. Stalin abolished all privately owned farms and replaced them with collec- tives—large government-owned farms, each worked by hundreds of families.
Individuals have no rights, and the government suppresses all opposition
was establishing a totalitarian regime in Italy, where unemployment and inflation produced bitter strikes, some commu- nist-led.
stressed nationalism and placed the interests of the state above those of individ- uals. To strengthen the nation, Fascists argued, power must rest with a single strong leader and a small group of devoted party members.
Hitler had been a jobless soldier drifting around Germany. In 1919, he joined a struggling group called the National Socialist German Workers' Party, better known as the Nazi Party. Despite its name, this party had no ties to socialism.
the German brand of fascism, was based on extreme nationalism. Hitler, who had been born in Austria, dreamed of uniting all German-speaking people in a great German empire.
Rebelled against the Spanish republic. Revolts broke out all over Spain, and the Spanish Civil War began
First two acts outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war. The third act was passed in response to the fighting in Spain. This act extended the ban on arms sales and loans to nations engaged in civil wars.
British Prime Minister
Chamberlain's political rival in Great Britain. In Churchill's view, by signing the Munich Agreement, Daladier and Chamberlain had adopted a shameful policy of appeasement
Giving up principles to pacify an aggressor.
Once bitter enemies, on August 23, 1939 fas- cist Germany and communist Russia now committed never to attack each other. Germany and the Soviet Union also signed a second, secret pact, agreeing to divide Poland between them. With the danger of a two-front war eliminated, the fate of Poland was sealed.
Lightning war - Blitzkrieg made use of advances in military technology—such as fast tanks and more powerful aircraft—to take the enemy by surprise and then quickly crush all opposition with overwhelming force
Charles de Gaulle
A French General. fled to England, where he set up a govern- ment-in-exile. De Gaulle proclaimed defiantly, "France has lost a battle, but France has not lost the war."
The systematic murder of 11 million across Europe. Jews
Nazi troops attacked Jews villages
A deliberate systematic killings of thousands of an entire population
Segregated Jewish areas in Polish cities.
Germany, Japan, and Italy signed mutual defense treaty- Tripartite Pact
Under this plan, the president would lend or lease arms and other supplies to "any country whose defense was vital to the United States."
Both countries pledged the following: collective security, disarmament, self-determination, economic cooperation, and freedom of the seas. Roosevelt disclosed to Churchill that he couldn't ask Congress for a declaration of war against Germany, but "he would wage war" and do "everything" to "force an incident."
Those nations that had fought the Axis powers. The declaration was signed by 26 nations, "four-fifths of the human race" observed Churchill
Chief of staff of Japan's Kwantung Army, launched the invasion into China. As French, Dutch, and British colonies lay unprotected in Asia, Japanese leaders leaped at the opportunity to unite East Asia under Japanese control by seizing the colonial lands.