Definitions for Final Exam
Terms in this set (50)
The vertical plane that divides that divides the body into right and left sections. It is named for one of the sutures in the cranium.
Medical specialty that deals with the study of the blood.
Medical specialty that deals with new babies at birth.
The hollow space within the chest, which contains the lungs and the mediastinum. It is surrounded by the breast bone (sternum), ribs, spine, and diaphragm.
Using a stethoscope to listen to the heart, lungs, or intestines.
Supportive medical and nursing care that keeps the patient comfortable but does not cure the disease.
Predicted course and outcome of a disease
Symptoms or signs that continue for three months or longer
Procedure to remove the diseased part of the colon and create a new opening in the abdominal wall where feces can leave the body.
Abnormally frequent, loose, and sometimes watery feces.
Hereditary, eventually fatal disease that affects that exocrine cells, the respiratory system, and especially the pancreas, which develops cysts that become fibrous.
Infection of some or all of the lobes of the lungs, which results in difficulty breathing due to the alveoli being filled with a combination of fluid, microorganisms, and white blood cells.
A category of drugs used to treat asthma and COPD by blocking the immune system from causing inflammation in the lung.
A machine that includes two paddles and generates an electrical shock to restore the heart to a normal rhythm.
Progressive degenerative changes that produce a narrowed, hardened, artery, usually cased by chronic hypertension.
A venereal diseases caused by the gonococcus (GC) bacterium. Symptoms include painful urination and/or a thick yellow discharge from the urethra.
A disease caused by a lack of oxygen to parts of the fetus' brain during birth. Symptoms include spastic muscles, lack of coordination, muscle paralysis, and seizures.
Chronic, degenerative disease due to an imbalance in the levels of the neurotransmitters dopamine and acetylcholine. There is muscle rigidity and tremors, and in later stages, difficulty in initiating voluntary movements.
Chronic, degenerative disease in which the body makes antibodies that attack myelin. Acute inflammation of the nerves and demyelination results, leading to neural scarring and an interruption of nerve conduction in the brain and spinal cord.
Chronic condition caused by repetitive motions of the hand and wrist, which results in tingling in the hand because of inflammation and swelling of the tendons.
carpel tunnel syndrome
Procedure that uses ultra high-frequency sound waves emitted by either a transducer or probe and which produces an image of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or uterus.
Abnormal, continuing erection of the penis with pain and tenderness.
Evaluation of the (normal) shape of spermatozoa, as part of workup for infertility.
Hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract during labor, childbirth, and postpartum; it causes the breasts to release milk for breastfeeding when the baby cries or sucks.
A chronic and progressive enlargement of the thyroid gland, also known as thryomegaly.
Procedure to remove the uterus due to endometriosis, uterine prolapse, or cancer.
Test of the amniotic fluid, whereby a needle is inserted through the pregnant woman's abdomen and into the uterus in order to determine the sex of the fetus and whether it has certain abnormalities.
Secreted by the anterior pituitary gland, this hormone in females stimulates a follicle to release and ovum and the corpus luteum to produce estradiol and progesterone. In males, it stimulates the interstitial cells of the testes to secrete testosterone.
Also known as juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus, this hereditary disease causes hyperglycemia and polyuria because the body stops producing insulin.
Type 1 diabetes
A test used to detect abnormal cells or carcinoma in the cervix. A small plastic or wooden spatula is used to scrape cells from the outside wall of the cervix.
A condition caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone GH during childbirth and puberty, which causes bones and tissues to grow excessively.
Due to complications in pregnancy or parturition, the fetus is delivered through an incision made in the abdominal wall and uterus
Hormone produced by the hypothalamus, but stored and released by the posterior pituitary gland. It moves sodium and water from tubules in the kidney to the blood.
Also known as pinkeye, a foreign substance, such as an allergen or chemical, causes the conjunctiva to become inflamed, reddened, and swollen.
Procedure to remove the tonsils and adenoids in patients with chronic tonsillitis and hypertrophy of the tonsils and adenoids.
Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy
Aqueous humor cannot drain because of blocked trabecular meshwork. This increases ocular pressure and results in pain, tunnel vision, blurred vision, and/or photophobia.
Separation of the retina from the choroid layer beneath, either due to aging or trauma.
Procedure to correct nearsightedness in which a microkeratome creates a thin flap on the surface of the eye and a cold laser is used to reshape the underlying cornea.
Also known as nearsightedness, light rays from a distant object fail to focus properly on the retina, creating a blurred image.
infection or trauma causes blood in the middle ear, behind the tympanic membrane.
Buzzing, ringing, hissing, or roaring sounds are heard constantly or intermittently in one or both ears. It is caused by repeated exposure to excessive noises and is associated with hearing loss.
Larger than a nodule, this soft growth contains blood vessels and may be found on vocal cords strained by constant use or by chronic irritation from smoke or allergies.
Sensation of motion and dizziness when the body is not moving, which may be causes by a head cold, ear infection, head trauma, or degenerative changes in the inner ear.
A blood clot in one of the deep veins of the lower leg.
Deep venous thrombosis
Procedure for drawing a sample of venous blood into a vacuum tube, also known as venipuncture
Excessive amounts of fluid that have moved from the blood into the dermis or subcutaneous tissue, resulting in swelling.
Localized, pus-containing pocket under the skin caused by a bacterial infection, usually Staphylococcus aureus.
Metabolic disorder caused by a high level or uric acid in the blood, which then moves into the soft tissues and forms crystals known as tophi.
A normal condition of the muscles that occurs several hours after death; dying fibers release stored calcium resulting in muscle contraction.
Infection of some or all of the lobes of the lungs, which results in difficulty breathing due to alveoli being filled with a combination of fluid, microorganisms, and white blood cells.