Ch. 32 The Age of Exploration
Terms in this set (20)
The Europeans wanted to travel to Asia. Why?
The Europeans wanted to travel to Asia so that they could break the control Muslims and Italians had on trade, wanted new knowledge, glory, wealth, and converts.
Monarchs wanted a sea route to Asia. Why?
Monarchs wanted a sea route to Asia so they could trade with India and other places without the prices being raised.
What field of activity is the use of lines of latitude and longitude useful?
Lines of latitude and longitude were used in navigation when people were at sea.
The ability to sail through shallow water was made easier with what advance in technology?
The ability to sail through shallow water was made easier with the creation of caravels.
Who started a school for sailors that changed Europeans' view of the world?
What is the definition of the word cartography?
Cartography is the science or practice of drawing maps.
What explorer showed that goods could be brought back to their country from India by ship?
Vasco da Gama
Explorers from Portugal brought back what product from Africa to Europe?
Gold and enslaved Africans
What did Colonial landowners do when they needed a new source of labor?
They brought slaves form africa slaves
Who was the first explorer, with his crew, to sail around the tip of South America?
Ferdinand Magellan was the first explorer to sail around the tip of South America?
Spanish explorers introduced what food from South America to Europe?
Spanish explorers brought back corn and potatoes
What were the main goals of Spanish conquistadors?
Their goal was to take over the Aztec city
Who won the conflict between Hernan Cortes and the Aztecs?
Cortez won the conflict between him and the Aztecs.
What made winning more possible for Cortes?
Their advanced weaponry.
Define the word inflation as it pertains to an economy or money within an economy.
Inflation is a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
How did exploration lead to inflation in Europe?
They brought back gold and the gold lost value
The Hudson River is named for Henry Hudson. What was he looking for when he found the river?
He wanted to find a northwest passage through North America to the Pacific Ocean.
What made it possible for there to be more English and Dutch colonies?
Defeat of the Spanish Armada
Under a system known as mercantilism, European countries wanted their colonies to provide what?
Increase the items they sold
What two countries sponsored the majority of the early explorations we have been learning about?
Portugal and Spain