49 terms

ANTHRO FINAL

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When we interpret some archaeological data by observing similar artifacts in use among living cultures, we call it...
Ethnographic analogy
Although mot anthropologist agree on where Native Americans originated, they disagree about
When the population migration took place
In terms of anthropological value, the single most important aspect of an archaeological dig is...
complete and accurate record keeping
Which of the following statements is incorrect?
None of the above (all are correct)
The anthropological attitude that a society's customs and ideas should be described objectively and understood in the context of that society's problems and opportunities is called...
cultural relativism
Why do archaeologist use a datum point rather than simply measuring from the ground surface?
The datum point provides a universal reference point that can be used across any archaeological site, allowing archaeologists to easily compare data between excavations.
It is essential that archaeologists take abundant, accurate and detailed field notes during excavations because...
Archaeology destroys data as it is gathered; once a site is excavated it cannot be re-excavated.
"Middens" are an archaeological term for...
ancient trash piles
The first step taken in most archaeological excavation is to...
establish a datum and grid pattern systems.
Prehistoric archaeology is concerned w/ archaeological investigations of societies that exist prior to the begging of a written history. As a result...
All of the above.
Test pits are used to...
determine if a potential site is a site and to decide exactly where to dig.
The purpose of the grid system is...
to record the exact location of an artifact accurately, both horizontally and vertically.
An artifact s defined as?
An object made by or modified by humans.
When archaeologists dig excavation units, they are concerned w/...
All of the above
Which is not a reason archaeologists, of all the subsides of anthropology, is the most distinct?
it is essentially the popular activity of art collecting.
Science is...
a method of inquiry.
A test excavation would be most appropriate in which of the following situations?
When trying to determine a site's potential for answering a research question.
Which of the following is not true of science?
It always provides the right answer to the question.
Modern archaeologists' most fundamental desires are to?
Understand the human past.
A system for recording the excavation of artifacts in which the excavation area is divided into squares and the contents of each square are carefully recorded is called...
a grid system
The context of an artifact is important for an archaeologists to know because...
Context can reveal information about the artifact's use, age, and relationship to other artifacts and features.
Which refers to a kind of artifact, but if differentiated because they cannot be easily removed from and archaeological site?
Features
Most of the artifacts that make up the archaeological record are...
Garbage
Non-removable artifacts such as hearts, pits, and was are referred to by archaeologists as?
Features
Which of the following is used to establish horizontal control at a site?
a grid system
What refers to the relationship between and among artifacts and other materials?
Context
What best describes the overall goal of archaeology?
The reconstruction of past cultural systems.
Historical archaeologists in America focus on?
Immigrants who arrived in the last 500 years.
The durable aspects of culture such as tools, structures, and art are known as...
material culture
Because it is something someone made, archaeologists like to say the _________ is a product of human behavior?
Artifact
To refer to something as a theory mean that it...
Has been well supported by scientific testing.
The systematic study of the material remains of human behavior in the past is conducted by...
Archaeologists.
The portable material products of former societies are known as...
Artifacts
______ dating techniques place artifacts and sites in a general chronological order, through the exact date can be often unknown.
Archaeological
In anthropology, the term "culture" refers to...
All the learned behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, values and ideals that are characteristic of a particular society or population.
A society's techniques for acquiring food resources is its...
Substance pattern
What do archaeologists and paleontologists usually restrict their search to?
Sites
The opinion that one's own way of life is natural or correct and the only true way of being fully human is...
Ethnocentrism
A unique research strategy of anthropologists which involves learning the language and culture of a group by participating in the groups daily activities is called...
Participant observation
In science, a proposed explanation for some natural phenomenon is called a...
Hypothesis
Which of the follow is NOT a Hollywood stereotype of archaeologists?
Archaeologists are trained professionals who try to reconstruct human behavior in the past.
Pits are by far the most common...
Features
Archaeologists get clues about how an artifact was used by...
Analyzing its shape and signs of wear and tear.
Historical archaeology refers to the study of...
Begins with the beginning of written history in the region under investigation.
The "reading" of the archaeological record is called...
Analysis
A place that indicates the presence of human occupants in the past os called an archaeological...
Site
The site of Meadowcroft Rock Shelter has provided evidence to suggest that...
People were living in what is now the eastern US earlier than the well-dated "clovis" people lived in North America.
An extended period during which the anthropologist gathers data is called...
Fieldwork
What allows archaeologists to recover a full range of artifacts and other material while only excavating a small portion of the site?
Sampling