Human Geography Unit 6 Review
Terms in this set (27)
Formed when sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels.
Bulk Reducing Industries/ Bulk Gaining Industries
Bulk Reducing Industries: Locate factories close to raw materials because the raw materials are heavier and bulkier than the finished products.
Bulk Gaining Industries: Factory locations are usually determined by accessibility to the market.
Capitalist World Economy
A global economic system that is based in high-income nations with market economies.
Rapid economic and political change that transformed the country into a stable nation with democratizing political institutions, growing economy, and expanding web of nongovernmental institutions.
Comprised of many smaller firms that support the overall industry.
Exodus of businesses from a crowded area.
Process used to directly integrate their economies into the global economy by concentrating on economic production to find a place in international markets.
An industry neither resource or market-oriented.
Increase in the earth's temperature caused primarily by the burning of fossil fuels.
Japan's dominant region of industrialization, which includes Tokyo and other nearby cities and suburbs that form a huge metropolitan area.
The big breakthrough came with the steam engine, which allowed much more flexible use of energy to drive new machines.
Labor Intensive Industries
These jobs require skilled workers and so they often choose locations where labor costs are low.
(Examples: fiber-spinning, weaving, or cutting and sewing of fabric into clothing.)
Locational Interdependence Theory
The influence on a firm's locational decision by locations chosen by its competitors.
Remarkable government-sponsored campaign for modernization and colonization.
Northeast District (China)
Earliest industrial heartland in Manchuria, centered on the region's coal and iron deposits near the city of Shenyang.
Industrial and military leaders that came to political power, Japan modernized industries, organized armed forces, and transformed education and transportation systems to follow the western model.
Countries that border the Pacific Ocean on their eastern shores and also experienced industrialization.
Post Industrial Societies
The tertiary sector grows with industrialization and comes to dominate post-industrial societies or countries where most people are no longer employed in industry.
Proven Reserve/ Potential Reserve
Proven: Energy deposits that have been discovered.
Potential: Energy deposits that have not been discovered.
Single Market Manufacturerers
Such as clothing manufactures shipping to New York City also clusters near their markets.
Particular to geographic location and focuses on bearing costs of land, labor, and capital.
Suggests that business owners can juggle expenses as long as labor, labor rent, transportation, and other costs don't all go up at one time.
May be defined in many ways, but its basic premise is that people living today should not impair the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
North America, European Union, and East Asia are three different types of trading blocs.
Companies that operate factories in countries other than the ones in which they are headquartered.
Value Added Productivity
The value added in manufacturing maybe figured by subtracting the cost of raw materials and energy from the gross value of the product.
Variable Revenue Analysis
Firms ability to capture a market that will earn it more customers and money than its competitors.