-a. Sound synchronization was attempted for almost from the time Thomas Edison invented the apparatus for taking moving pictures.
b. His specific stated goal to distribute grand opera to the masses very much embodied the American ethos of cultural uplift of one's class position through education and the arts.
d. Over the years a number of schemes were proposed to provide what was portrayed at the time as " the missing voice" of the picture. Devices such as theetophone, The theatrephone, the Bigraphon, the synchronizing film and phonograph.
e. The first system of mechanically Synchronized sound was the Gaumont Chronophone introduced in 1902. The chronophone had limited success in the U.S; but a better run in the Europe and France.
f. As with most serious defect was not in the synchronization, which a capable operater could master reasonably well, but in amplification.
g. The volume of standard comerical phonographs was insufficient for a theather any larger than modest Nickeldeon , and use the compressed air as a device for amplification. The frequency in phonographs was limited espically in the upper range.
h. The most successful early scheme for providing films with speech espically in the larger theater, was the so called talking picture "talking picture" This involved placing a troupe of three or four actors behind the screen to speak lines of dialougeand provide sound effects .
i. The sidebar provides one account of how this was done. This method, although popular with audiences at first sufferd form high production, labor and transporation costs because a film would need to be specially edited, the actors rehearsed, and both film and company moved from theater to theater on the circuit.