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Strayer AP World History Chapter 24
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Terms in this set (19)
How did Bretton Woods lay the foundation for globalization?
By creating a set of agreements and institutions to promote free trade
How did the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank advance neo-liberal economics?
By loaning money to developing nations that privatized state-run companies, lowered protectionist tariffs, and cut taxes
Which of the following is NOT a way in which money has become internationally mobile?
An international checking system
The sporting goods company Nike is a good example of globalization because in one five-year period it closed 20 factories and opened another 35 in countries all over the world. Why did Nike move these factories?
Nike moved its factories anywhere in the world where the labor costs were the lowest and the environmental and health regulations the most lenient.
Which of the following best describes the massive increase in international migration of the world's peoples during the era of globalization?
It has allowed many to find work and shelter, but has also victimized others in new ways.
How did globalization affect those within wealthy nations, especially the United States?
It caused millions of Americans to lose their well-paying jobs, while millions of others have become wealthy.
What did the Seattle protestors of 1999 mean by their slogan "no globalization without representation"?
Globalization was a process being decided by large corporations that was not meant to benefit ordinary people, and in which no ordinary people had a say.
Which of the following best describes the "American Empire" of the second half of the twentieth century and beginning of the twenty-first century?
A nonterritorial empire of economic, military, and cultural power
Which of the following best describes the appeal of the South American revolutionary Che Guevara to people in both the "first" and the "third" worlds?
He represented an alternative to the materialism of the West and the industrial totalitarianism of the Soviet world.
How did women's liberation feminists differ from equal rights feminists?
Women's liberation feminists wanted to challenge societal and cultural patriarchy through direct action; equal rights feminists preferred political lobbying and passing laws.
Why did African feminists resent American and European feminists' opposition to traditional African cultural practices such as polygamy and female circumcision?
Western feminists could easily begin to sound like colonial missionaries and rulers.
Which of the following best describes the response of global fundamentalism to modernity?
A selective rejection and a seeking of an alternative, more religious modernity
Which of the following best describes the term jihad as intended by the original founders of Islamic fundamentalism?
Struggle to please God
Which best characterizes the strategies pursued by Islamic fundamentalist groups for achieving their political aims?
Most attempted to gain power through elections and placing members in influential government and social positions, but some sought violent revolutions.
Why did Osama bin Laden and the leaders of al-Qaeda come to declare the United States as their enemy?
They objected to American military presence in Saudi Arabia after the first Gulf War.
In what way has mainstream Christianity responded to the effects of globalization?
By addressing the moral and ethical problems of social justice, human rights, and the suffering of the poor throughout the world
Which of the following is NOT one of the three major ways in which the Earth's environment has been radically impacted by the changes of the last half-century?
Exorbitant prices of fossil fuels
What was a major difference between western environmental movements and environmentalists in developing countries?
Western environmentalists were concerned more with issues of pollution and limiting growth; environmentalists in developing countries were more concerned with food security and social justice.
What was the world's reaction to the United States' refusal to sign on to the Kyoto protocol?