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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Unit 5- American History 2 Unit 5: Confidence and Crisis (1945-1980)
Terms in this set (68)
to the U.S. Constitution prohibits any U.S. president from being elected to more than two terms and prohibits any vice president who rises to the office of president and holds the office for more than two years from being elected to more than one full term.
when the number of annual births exceeded 2 per 100 women (or approximately 1% of the total population size).
a media stereotype prevalent throughout the 1950s to mid-1960s that displayed the more superficial aspects of the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s.
brown vs board of education
was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional
central intelligence angency-cia
a civilian foreign intelligence service of the U.S. Government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence
the action or policy of preventing the expansion of a hostile country or influence.
an ambitious set of proposals put forward by U.S. President Harry S. Truman to Congress in his January 1949 State of the Union address. More generally the term characterizes the entire domestic agenda of the Truman Administration, from 1945 to 1953.
house on un-american activities-huac
was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. It was originally created in 1938 in order to uncover citizens with Nazi ties inside the United States, and it expanded its efforts, also investigating possible Communist Party infiltration.
interstate highway act
The bill created a 41,000-mile "National System of Interstate and Defense Highways" that would, according to Eisenhower, eliminate unsafe roads, inefficient routes, traffic jams and all of the other things that got in the way of "speedy, safe transcontinental travel."
an American Major League Baseball (MLB) second baseman who became the first African American to play in the major leagues in the modern era.
was an American politician who served as a U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957
the name of four large suburban developments created in the United States of America by William Levitt and his company Levitt & Sons. Built after World War II for returning veterans and their new families, the communities offered attractive alternatives to cramped central city locations and apartments.
little rock/ centralhigh school
a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957 in Arkansas
a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
national association for the advancement of colored people
the oldest civil rights organization in the United States, founded in 1909. Among the NAACP's achievements was a lawsuit that resulted in the Supreme Court 's landmark decision in Brown versus Board of Education, in 1954, which declared the segregation of public schools unconstitutional.
the enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment.
a system for transmitting visual images and sound that are reproduced on screens, chiefly used to broadcast programs for entertainment, information, and education.
the 33rd President of the United States, an American politician of the Democratic Party
dwight d eisenhower
an American politician and general who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961
southern christian leadership council
an African-American civil rights organization. SCLC, which is closely associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.
congress of racial equality
a U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Founded in 1942, CORE was one of the "Big Four" civil rights organizations, along with the SCLC, the SNCC, and the NAACP.
was established by President Lyndon B. Johnson on November 29, 1963 to investigate the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy that had taken place on November 22, 1963.
a domestic program in the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson that instituted federally sponsored social welfare programs.
the agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
a form of protest in which demonstrators occupy a place, refusing to leave until their demands are met
the federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, certain younger people with disabilities, and people with End-Stage Renal Disease; a health care program that assists low-income families or individuals in paying for long-term medical and custodial care costs.
a volunteer program run by the United States government. The stated mission of the Peace Corps includes providing technical assistance, helping people outside the United States to understand American culture, and helping Americans to understand the cultures of other countries.
Civil Rights Act of 1946
a landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law passed at the time of the civil rights movement. It eliminated various devices, such as literacy tests, that had traditionally been used to restrict voting by black people.
John f Kennedy
was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963
an American jurist and politician, who served as the 30th Governor of California and later the 14th Chief Justice of the United States.
Lyndon B Johnson
was the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after serving as the 37th Vice President of the United States under President John F. Kennedy, from 1961 to 1963
was one of the most important organizations of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a student meeting organized by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960.
An African-American political leader of the twentieth century. A prominent Black Muslim, Malcolm X explained the group's viewpoint in a book written by Alex Haley, The Autobiography of Malcolm X. He was assassinated in 1965
was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974 when he became the only U.S. president to resign the office
was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s, following a break-in at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and President Richard Nixon's administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement.
was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977
militant American Indian civil rights organization, founded in Minneapolis, Minn., in 1968 by Dennis Banks, Clyde Bellecourt, Eddie Benton Banai, and George Mitchell.
SALT I Treaty
Nixon and Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev signed the ABM Treaty and interim SALT agreement on May 26, 1972, in Moscow. For the first time during the Cold War, the United States and Soviet Union had agreed to limit the number of nuclear missiles in their arsenals.
was an attempt to spur a grassroots movement to combat inflation, by encouraging personal savings and disciplined spending habits in combination with public measures, urged by U.S. President Gerald Ford.
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and following years to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court decisions Irene Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia (1946) and Boynton v. Virginia (1960)
an American feminist organization founded in 1966. The organization consists of 550 chapters in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia
was a student activist movement in the United States that was one of the main representations of the New Left.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency is an agency of the U.S. federal government which was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress
an American feminist, journalist, and social and political activist, who became nationally recognized as a leader and a spokeswoman for the Feminist Movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
an American labor leader and civil rights activist, who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962
an American marine biologist and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement
an American political activist, as well as an author, lecturer, and attorney. Areas of particular concern to Nader include consumer protection, humanitarianism, environmentalism, and democratic government
A village in New York state, where some 400,000 young people assembled in 1969 for a rock music festival.
a person who for reasons of conscience objects to serving in the armed forces.
Kent State university
a public research university in Kent, Ohio, United States. In addition to the main campus in Kent, which is the largest and oldest campus and serves as the administrative center
a way of life and set of attitudes opposed to or at variance with the prevailing social norm.
a political slogan and a name for various associated ideologies aimed at achieving self-determination for people of African descent. It is used by African Americans in the United States.
Kwame Ture, formerly known as Stokely Carmichael, was a Trinidadian-American revolutionary active in the Civil Rights Movement, and later, the global Pan-African movement
gulf of tonkin
also known as the USS Maddox incident, involved what were originally claimed to be two separate confrontations involving North Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of Tonkin
my lai massecre
A mass killing of helpless inhabitants of a village in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War, carried out in 1968 by United States troops under the command of Lieutenant William Calley
ho chi mihn
also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
north is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. The 38th parallel north formed the border between North and South Korea prior to the Korean War.
A series of major attacks by communist forces in the Vietnam War. Early in 1968, Vietnamese communist troops seized and briefly held some major cities at the time of the lunar new year, or Tet.
operation rolling thunder
as part of the strategic bombing campaign known as Operation Rolling Thunder, U.S. military aircraft attacked targets throughout North Vietnam from March 1965 to October 1968.
salt 1 and 2
were signed by the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1972 and 1979, respectively, and were intended to restrain the arms race in strategic (long-range or intercontinental) ballistic missiles armed with nuclear weapons.
camp david accords
were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David
persistent high inflation combined with high unemployment and stagnant demand in a country's economy.
a permanent, intergovernmental Organization, created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10-14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
Iran Hostage Crisis
52 American diplomats and citizens were held hostage for 444 days (November 4, 1979, to January 20, 1981) after a group of Iranian students belonging to the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line, who supported the Iranian Revolution, took over the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.
Three Mile Island
an island in the Susquehanna River, near Middletown, Pennsylvania, SE of Harrisburg: scene of a near-disastrous accident at a nuclear plant in 1979 that raised the issue of nuclear-energy safety.
Roe v. Wade
a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion. It was decided simultaneously with a companion case, Doe v. Bolton
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