Africa and the Americas (Chapters 10-11) Terms, Wilson
Terms in this set (49)
A nineteenth entry concept, tied to scientific racism, that a subgroup of the Caucasian race, the Hamites, brought superior technology and knowledge to Africa in the ancient past; now completely discredited.
Speakers of a Bantu language living south and east of the Congo River.
The African region surrounded by the Sahara, the Gulf of Guinea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the mountains of Ethiopia.
North African peoples who controlled the caravan trade between the Mediterranean and the Sudan.
A muslim port city in East Africa founded between the eighth and tenth centuries; today it is the capital of Somalia.
African societies bound together by ethnic or blood ties rather than being political states.
From the word for ruler, the name of a large and influential African kingdom inhabited by the Soninke people, capital was Koumbi Saleh.
Originally a campsite for desert nomads, it grew into a thriving city under Mansa Musa, King of Mali and Africa's most famous ruler.
A kingdom in northwestern Ethiopia that was a sizable trading state and the center of Christian culture.
The East African coastal culture, named after a Bantu language whose vocabulary and poetic forms exhibit strong Arabic influence.
The most powerful city on the east coast of Africa by late 13th century.
A ruined South African city discovered by a German explorer in 1871; it is considered the most powerful monument south of the Nile valley and Ethiopian highlands
North-south trade across the Sahara.
Climate Zones of Africa
Wet equatorial, humid tropical and subtropical, tropical with long dry season, sahelian or subdesert, desert, mediterranean, highland, and savanna.
Flat grassland that extends in a swath across the widest part of the continent, across parts of south-central Africa, and along the eastern coast.
A major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world.
Lineal descent from an ancestor; ancestry or pedigree.
Early Africa's most famous ruler, ruled from 1312-1337, "Mansa" means emperor.
Is a major city of Morocco. It is the fourth largest city the country.
Small island off of the east coast of Africa.
The city in which the king of Ghana held his court.
Considered a female co-ruler with the male chief, institutions of female chiefs among the Igbo in modern Nigeria.
Things Fall Apart
1958 novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe that describes African priestesses and deities.
The term used by scholars to designate the area of present-day Mexico and Central America.
Named after Amerigo Vespucci, claimed he was the first explorer to Venezuela, America refers to the "new world" versus the old world.
Fertile land that crops can be grown on.
Floating gardens built in central Mexico which crops were planted, very productive with up to three harvests a year.
Textile artifacts composed of cords of cotton or occasionally camelid fiber. The cords are arranged such that there is one main cord, called a primary cord, from which many pendant cords hang. The aztecs modified and improved this with more knots and colors.
The oldest of the early advanced Mesoamerican civilization.
American Indian people found in Yucatán, Belize, and North Guatemala: the Maya had a highly developed civilization long before the arrival of Europeans early in the 16th century
established longest lasting city-states in the Americas, relied on agriculture and lasted about a thousand years, peak was between 600 and 900 CE.
The Book of Council, a collection of mythological narratives and dynastic historie that constitutes the primary record of the Maya civilization.
The largest city in pre-Columbian America, 25 miles northeast of Mexico City. Built around 300 B.C.E., it reached its prime around 300-600 CE, when it was the center of an influential culture that spread throughout Mesoamerica.
The center of Mississippian culture. Famously known for its mounds. Located in Illinois.
An important mound-building culture that thrived between 800 and 1500 C.E. in a territory that extended from the Mississippi River to the Appalachian Mountains. The largest mound produced by this culture is found at Cahokia, Illinois.
The language of both the Toltecs and the Aztecs.
Empire that lasted the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries CE that brought the biggest demographic explosion in Mesoamerican history.
The Andean people who created a large empire that was at its peak around 1500 and was held together by an extensive system of roads.
A Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Inca Empire. Also killed the Incan emperor Atahualpa and claimed the fallen empire for the Spanish.
The dominant ethnic group of what is now Mexico, which created an empire braised on war and religion that reached it height in the mid 1400s; in the nineteenth century the people became known as Aztecs.
Hernando Cortes, Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs in 1521.
The Aztec god of war and of the sun.
Capital of the Aztec Empire, Spanish called this city "Mexico City," was one of the largest cities in the world, built in 1325 and entered by the Spanish in 1519.
A Native American culture that thrived along Peru's northern coast between 100 and 800 C.E. The culture existed as a series of city states and is distinguished by an extraordinary rich and diverse pottery industry.
Is the traditional form of a community in the Andes, especially among Quechuas and Aymaras. They are an indigenous local government model across the Andes region of South America, particularly in Bolivia and Peru.
Firsted deemed the official language of the Incas under Pachacuti,it is still spoken by most Peruvians today.
Mandatory public service in the Incan Empire.
Runs along South America's western side, is among the world's longest mountain ranges.
A city in the Peruvian Andes, was once capital of the Inca empire, and is now known for its archaeological remains and Spanish colonial architecture.
The commoner social class of Mexica.
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