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Arts and Humanities
SS WWI Questions
Terms in this set (16)
What were the aims of the U.S. during WW I?
to make money, to not have unlimited submarine warfare because it made them lose money, wanted to win the war quickly, make equal peace
What were Germany's war plans at the start of the war, and which country had their neutrality violated?
Von Schlieffen plan: to take France out of the war quickly and then move on the defeat Russia in the East, believed that Russia would be slow to mobilize. 3 problems: Germany ran out of supply, Belgium fought hard and Russia mobilized faster than expected. BELGIUM had their neutrality violated but GB and Belgium had an alliance and GB declared war on Germany
What importance did the Balkan region have to Europe before the outbreak of WWI?
number of nationalities vying for independence, Britain, France and A-H wanted to keep Russia out of the Balkans, Russia wanted Balkans for warm water ports
What reasoning did Britain use in joining the Triple Entente prior to WW I?
they were alarmed by Germany's naval building program, and wanted to protect their empire. They weren't forced to fight in wars when Belgium was invaded
Understand the leadership of Russia and the Revolutionary process.
Czar Nick II was thrown out of power, Lenin and Trotsky were the revolutionaries in Russia, Reds: communists, whites: royalists (supported by Britain, France, and the US cause they didn't want Russia out of the war)
What were the major causes of WWI starting, and what was the Flash POINT?
nationalism, imperialism, industrialism, militarism, alliances, FLASH POINT: assassination of A-H heir to the throne, domino effect A-H -> Serbia, Russia -> A-H, Germany -> Russia
What was the German people's reaction to the Versailles Treaty?
completely opposed, especially being forced to accept the full blame for the war, felt that the Weimer republic has stabbed them in the back
Who were the members of the Triple Entente and Triple Alliance Powers, and how did this change throughout the war?
Triple Entente: France, Russia, GB and Serbia to begin with
US and Italy joins eventually
Russia pulls out of it
Triple Alliance: Germany, A-H, Italy, Ottoman Empire
Italy switches sides
Why was the League of Nations never a viable organization?
US refuses to join US was the ones who wanted the League of Nations.
What was the major factor, which enabled Germany to attempt a break through on her western front in 1918?
the Russian Revolution, Russia pulled out and Germany could move to fight a one front war
Understand President Wilson's 14 Points and what impact they have on the wars end
equitable peace plan, tried to achieve peace, brings Germany to the table, Britain and France cross out most of the points but Wilson allows it as long as the League of Nations is kept
Be able to explain the pro's and cons of the von Schlieffen Plan and how the Germans plan to use it
pros: Germany could take Paris and defeat France and they could gain colonies and only fight a one front war
cons: if they couldn't defeat French, they would get stuck
Understand what caused the U.S. to enter into WWI?
sinking of Lusitania= Wilson threatened to break diplomatic ties with Germany if they didn't stop the U-Boats, they did for a while but then sunk 4 American merchant ships which caused Wilson to ask COngress to declare war, Zimmerman telegram
Why did Italy decide to switch sides during WWI?
They were afraid of losing and France offered them lands in Austria Hungary
What new weapons were used during WW I?
Gas- mustard and chlorine.
What was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and what impact did it have on WWI?
Treaty between Germany and Russia, gave lots of Russian land to Germany
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