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10 terms

Endocrine Organs (Basic)

Identify endocrine organs by their general function.
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Pineal Gland
Tiny organ located at the base of the brain and responsible for managing circadian rhythm.
Hypothalamus
A portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions, it connects the nervous system to the endocrine system.
Pituitary Gland
Gland in the base of the skull that secretes nine hormones that directly regulate many body functions and control the actions of several other endocrine glands.
Adrenal Gland
Small organ located on top of the kidneys that releases adrenaline and cortisol during states of emotional arousal.
Pancreas
Organ lying between the stomach and small intestine; regulates blood sugar by secreting two regulating hormones: insulin and glucagon.
Thymus
Gland that produces hormones important to the immune response.
Thyroid
Regulates the body's metabolism and calcium balance.
Parathyroid
Produces a hormone to mobilize calcium from the bones to the blood.
Ovaries
Located on both sides of the uterus in the female pelvis, secreting estrogen and progesterone.
Testes
The male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete male sex hormones.