14 terms

Sociology-Chapter14: Education, health, and medicine

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education
the social institution through which society provides its members with important knowledge, including basic facts, job skills, and cultural norms and values
schooling
formal instruction under the direction of specially trained teachers
tracking
assigning students to different types of educational programs
functional illiteracy
a lack of the reading and writing skills needed for everyday living
medicine
the social institution that focuses on fighting and improving health
health
a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being
social epidermiology
the study of how health and disease are distributed throughout a society's population
eating disorder
an intense form of dieting or other unhealthy method of weight control driven by the desire to be very thin
euthanasia
assisting in the death of a person suffering from an incurable disease; also known as mercy killing
holistic medicine
an approach to health care that emphasizes the prevention of illness and takes into account a person's entire physical and social environment
socialized medicine
a medical care system in which the government owns and operates most medical facilities and empolys most physicians
direct-free system
a medical care system in which patients pay directly for the services of physicians and hospitals
health maintenance organization (HMO)
an organization that provides comprehensice medical care to subscribers for a fixed fee
sick role
patterns of behavior for people who are ill