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107 terms

End of Year Vocab Review - Civics

STUDY
PLAY
consent
permission
governed
those under government control
govern
control or regulate
fundamental
basic
political
having to do with government
principles
A basic belief or idea
grievances
complaints
unalienable/inalienable
not to be taken away
allegiance
loyalty
preamble
introduction to the constitution
union
joined as one
justice
fair treatment
domestic
within a country
tranquility
peace
welfare
well-being
liberty
freedom
amendment
change
complex
complicated
proposal
suggestion
ratify
approve
citizen
individual with certain rights and duties under a government
naturalization
process to become a citizen
absolute
unlimited
press
media
assembly
gathering (peacefully)
petition
written request to government
due process
protection from unfair treatment under the law
jury
legal group of people sworn to make a decision in a legal case
voluntary
of your own free will
patriotism
love for one's country
recruit
find the best person for a position
candidate
A person running for office
electorate
All of the people eligible to vote in a given election
liberal
favoring larger government that offers social programs and more tax spending
conservative
favoring smaller government with limited influence on society and lower tax spending
platform
political party's statement of beliefs & goals
campaign
run in an election for political office
media
any source of broadcast information
fact
something you can prove
opinion
something you think, feel or believe
bias
Prejudice toward one side of a subject or issue
propaganda
False or misleading information that is spread to further a cause
reform
change/improve
bicameral
two houses
annual
once a year
budget
A plan for making and spending money
revenue
income
foreign
of another country
legislation
laws
interstate
across different states
execute
carry out or enforce
cabinet
group of trusted advisors
bureaucracy
offices, employees and day-to-day business
interpret
explain the meaning of
override
overrule
veto
cancel out
diplomat/ambassador
one who negotiates with foreign officials
federalism
the division of power between national and state levels of government
reserved
left over
expressed
written out specifically
implied
understood; common sense
committee
temporary group who researches a bill
regulate
oversee & control
agency
administrative group
ordinance
law or rule
public policy
what government does in response to problems or issues
forum
place to exchange ideas or viewpoints
public agenda
what people are talking about; what's on people's minds
lobbying
seeking to influence legislators to take action
judicial
involving the courts, judges and laws
jurisdiction
authority to solve legal matters
appellate
hearing appeals
original
first to hear
juvenile
dealing with children (under 18)
domestic relations
involving the home or family
criminal case
a person is accused of breaking the law
civil case
disagreement between two parties
probable cause
reasonable suspicion
arraignment
a hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or not guilty
plea
formal declaration of guilty or not guilty
verdict
decision
plaintiff
one who sues in a civil case
economy
the wealth and resources of a country or region, especially in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services
market
a real or imaginary place where goods and services are bought and sold
scarcity
all things are limited, so we cannot satisfy all wants at the same time
resources
factors used in the production of goods and services
opportunity cost
what is given up when a choice is made
incentive
motivation to change economic behavior
supply
the amount of a good or service producers are willing and able to sell
demand
the amount of a good or service consumers are willing and able to buy at a given price
production
the use of resources to make goods and services
consumption
the use of goods and services
price
determined by supply and demand
consumer sovereignty
consumers control the economy by choosing what is produced and at what price it sells
profit
earnings left after all expenses are paid
public sector
resources and production owned and controlled by the government
private sector
resources and production owned and controlled by independent individuals or businesses
entrepreneur
person with ideas who takes a risk to create a business
proprietorship
business organization where one person takes all risk and all reward
partnership
business organization where two or more people share the risk and reward
corporation
business organization authorized by law with any number of owners
monopoly
complete control of a product or business by one person or group
currency
coins and paper bills used as money
inflation
rise in costs of living and decrease in value of money
self-assessment
evaluation of your strengths and weaknesses
work ethic
commitment to the value of hard work
fiscal responsibility
maturity to make careful spending decisions