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Key concepts period 3
Terms in this set (21)
What are the four main trade networks?
What resulted from trade roads flourishing?
Growth of new trading cities (Malaka, Calcutta, Timbuktu, Baghdad, Venice, Swahili)
What is an example of a trade route that developed between Mesoamerica and the Andes?
What resulted from state practices, trading organizations, and state sponsored commercial infrastructure?
What did the movement if people's cause?
Environmental and linguistic effects
What two important migrations occurred in this period? What did they spread and into what regions?
Bantus spread iron technology into sub Saharan Africa
Polynesians spread foods and animals to Oceania
Trade often led to the creation of new languages. What is an example of this?
Swahili from Bantu and Arabic
Trade and communication encouraged what cross-cultural changes?
Islam from Arabia
Diffusion of literary, artistic, cultural, scientific and technological traditions
What resulted from merchants introducing their cultures to indigenous areas?
What continued to diffuse through the eastern hemisphere?
New crops (cotton, sugar, and citrus) and agri tech
After empires collapsed, what did the successors do? (Examples of successor states)
They kept the best and adapted the rest. Sui, Tang, Song, and Byzatine empire
What new forms of governance emerged?
Caliphate, Mongol khanates, and city-states
What major thing happened in America during this period?
Aztec and Indians began
What did technological innovations lead to?
Agricultural production, population growth, specialization, and urbanization
What were some causes of decline of cities?
Invasions, disease, agricultural productivity, and the little ice age
What were revivals caused by?
End of invasion, safe and reliable transport, rise of commerce, warmer temperatures, agricultural productivity
What were the roles of cities?
What labor systems continued?
Where did women experience more power and influence?
What new forms of coerced labor appeared and where?
Serfdom in Europe and Japan
Mita in Inca
Demand for slaves
What did the diffusion of Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Neo-Confucianism change?
Gender relations and family structure
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