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AP Human Geography~ Ch. 10 Developement
The Cultural Landscape: Rubenstein
Terms in this set (33)
Adolescent Fertility Rate
The number of births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19.
Developed Country (more developed country [MDC] or relatively developed country)
A country that has progressed relatively far along a continuum of development.
Developing Country (less developed country [LDC])
A country that is at a relatively early stage in the process of economic development.
A process of improvement in the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology.
An alternative to international trade that emphasizes small businesses and worker-owned and democratically run cooperatives and requires employers to pay workers fair wages, permit union organizing, and comply with minimum environmental and safety standards.
Female Labor Force Participation Rate
The percentage of women holding full-time jobs outside the home
Gender Inequality Index (GII)
A measure of the extent of each country's gender inequality
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The value of the total output of goods and services produced in a country in a given period of time (normally one year)
Gross National Income (GNI)
The value of the output of goods and services produced in a country in a year, including money that leaves and enters the country
Human Development Index (HDI)
An indicator of the level of development for each country, constructed by the United Nations, that is based on income, literacy, education, and life expectancy
Inequality-Adjusted HDI (IHDI)
Modification of the HDI to account for inequality within a country
The percentage of a country's people who can read and write.
Maternal Mortality Ratio
The number of women who die giving birth per 100,000 births
Millennium Development Goals
Eight international development goals that all members of the United Nations have agreed to achieve by 2015
The portion of the economy concerned with the direct extraction of materials from Earth's surface, generally through agriculture, although sometimes by mining, fishing, and forestry.
The value of a particular product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it
Purchase Power Parity (PPP)
The amount of money needed in one country to purchase the same goods and services in another country; PPP adjust income figures to account for differences among countries in the cost of goods
The portion of the economy concerned with manufacturing useful products through processing, transforming, and assembling raw materials.
Structural Adjustment Programs
Economic policies imposed on less developed countries by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade, such as raising taxes, reducing government spending, controlling inflation, selling publicly owned utilities to private corporations, and charging citizens more for services.
The portion of the economy concerned with transportation, communications, and utilities, sometimes extended to the provision of all goods and services to people in exchange for payment.
The gross value of a product minus the costs of raw materials and energy.
Gender-related Development Index (GDI)
An indicator constructed by the UN to measure the gender gap in the level of achievement in terms of income, education, and life expectancy.
The number of enrolled students divided by the number of teachers.
Core and Periphery Relationship
Wallerstein's belief that developed countries form an inner area, where as developing countries occupy outer locations with less access to centers of wealth, communication and power.
Investment made by foreign companies in the economy of another country.
Provision of small loans and financial services to individuals ans mall businesses in developing countries.
Sustainable Development Goals
Adopted by the UN in 2015 to reduce disparities between developed and developing countries by 2030.
Four Asian Dragons
South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.~ followed Rostow's 5 stage development model.
Development that follows the stages: traditional society, preconditions for take-off, takeoff, drive to maturity, age of mass consumption.
World Trade Organization (WTO)
Works to reduce barriers to international trade by negotiating of trade restrictions.
Provides loans to countries to reform public administration and legal institutions, development and strengthen financial institutions,and implement transportation and social service projects.
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Provides loans to countries experiencing balance-of-payments problems that threaten expansion of international trade. Designed to help a country rebuild reserves, stabilize currency rates and pay for imports.
A member-owned business that operates for the benefit of its members according to common principles agreed upon by the international cooperative community.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Human Geography~ Ch. 1 Basic Concepts
AP Human Geography~ Ch.2 Population and Health
AP Human Geography~ Ch. 3 Migration
AP Human Geography~ Ch.4 Folk and Popular Culture
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