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World History - glencoe

Chapters 1 2 & 3
STUDY
PLAY
GEOGRAPHY
Study of people, their environments, and their resources
LATITUDE
Distance north or south of the equator
LONGITUDE
Distance east or west of the Prime Meridian
PREHISTORY
Period of time before writing systems were invented
ANTHROPOLOGY
Study of the origins and the development of people and their societies
ARCHAEOLOGY
Study of how early people lived
ARTIFACTS
Things such as tools, weapons, and/or clothing, that early people left behind
TECHNOLOGY
More advanced tools that humans could use (ex: wheel, arrows, hammer, etc.)
HISTORIANS
Similar to archaeologists in that they study the lives of earlier people, but focus more on written documents
NOMADS
Traveling people that moved from place to place, hunting and gathering food
DOMESTICATE
to adapt (an animal or plant) to life in intimate association with and to the advantage of humans
CIVILIZATION
An area where there is a particularly high level of cultural and technological development
POLYTHEISTIC
A certain religion that believes in more than one entity or God
PICTOGRAMS
An ancient or prehistoric drawing or painting
ARTISANS
A worker who practices a trade or handicraft
SCRIBES
A person who writes or records information
CITY-STATE
A self-governing state that consists of one large city and surrounding areas
EMPIRE
A major political unit consisting of a vast expanse of land/territory, or several small territories united under one rule
SILT/LOESS
Rich soil carried by flooding rivers for example Nile and Huang He
DELTA
Triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of some rivers
DYNASTY
Ruling family
PHAROAHS
Title of the rulers of ancient Egypt
VIZIER
Chief minister who supervised the business of government in ancient Egypt
MUMMIFICATION
Practice of preserving the bodies of the dead
HIEROGLYPHICS
Form of picture writing developed by the ancient Egyptians
PAPYRUS
Plant that grows along the banks of the Nile; used by the ancient Egyptians to make a paperlike material
HIERARCHY
System of ranking people within a society
ZIGGURAT
Pyramid-temple dedicated to the chief god or goddess of an ancient Sumerian city-state
CUNEIFORM
Wedge-shaped writing of the ancient Sumerians
SUBCONTINENT
Large landmass that juts out from a continent
PLATEAU
Raised area of level land
MONSOON
Seasonal wind; in India, the winter monsoon brings hot, dry weather and the summer monsoon brings rain
CASTES
Indian social system in which one is born in an unchangeable social group
HOMIND
Human like creature that walked upright
PALEOLITHIC
Early stone age characterized by nomadic people and hunting and gathering
HAMMURABI
Legal code for ancient Mesopotamian society
MANDATE OF HEAVEN
Chinese dynastic belief that they ruled with divine right
ORACLE BONES
Bones used by Chinese priests for predictions
MESOPOTAMIA
THE FERTILE CRESCENT BETWEEN THE TIGRIS AND EUPHRATES RIVER
PATRIACHAL SOCIETY
SOCIETY WHERE MEN DOMINATE
NILE RIVER
SITE OF AN EARLY RIVER CIVILIZATION IN NORTHEAST AFRICA
ZIGGURAT
Stepped temple building from the Ancient Sumerian Culture