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Van't Hoff Factor
In colligative properties calculations this variable corrects for ionic dissociation
The pressure at which a gas will be dissolving back into solution at the same rate it is evaporating
A solution with a much LOWER concentration than that of a solution within a semi-permeable membrane (such as a cell)
The solubility of a gas in a liquid at a particular temperature is proportional to the partial pressure of that gas above the liquid
The movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane from an area of high water potential (low concentration of dissolved substances) to an area of low water potential (high conc
The pressure that must be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of water across a semipermeable membrane
The process by which molecules in a liquid state or solid state spontaneously become gaseous
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of molecules in a given volume of solvent and not on the properties (e.g. size or mass) of the molecules
A solution with a much HIGHER concentration than that of a solution within a semi-permeable membrane (such as a cell)
The scattering of light particles caused by colloids that tends to reflect blue better than other colors
Particles of a dispersed substance are only suspended in a mixture, NOT completely dissolved
A solution that contains more of the dissolved material than could be dissolved by the solvent under normal circumstances
Freezing Point Depression
Describes the effect on freezing point of a solution with increasing concentration
Describes the equilibrium point at which rate of dissolution is equal to rate of precipitation (usually in mol/kg)
How much of a given substance there is mixed with another substance, often referring to a solvent in a solute
The amount of light absorbed by a substance at a given wavelength is directly proportional to its concentration in a solution.
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