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Texas Government 2306 FINAL
Terms in this set (52)
Texas counties have their origins:
In the case <i>Avery v. Midland County</i>, the U.S. Supreme Court held that:
the principle of "one person, one vote" applied to county commissioners' courts.
The most important social service provided by counties is:
the provision of emergency welfare assistance.
Dallas operates under which style of city government?
Which of the following is NOT a key difference between the mayor-council and the council-manager forms of local government?
In the council-manager system, local politics is viewed as a full-time job, unlike in the mayor-council system.
The mayor-council form of government is most common in
smaller general-law cities.
Which of the following cities currently has a city government with a strong mayor-council form of government?
In Texas, ___ create(s) special districts.
Texas voters in the areas that will be covered.
What are the main sources of revenue for special districts in Texas?
property taxes and user fees.
What is the function of the 24 councils of government in Texas today?
They are a regional board meant to coordinate local planning and economic development.
In May 2014, the UT System Board of Regents decided on all of the following EXCEPT
that the Board allocate monies to UT Austin from the state's Permanent University Fund.
Given the budget structure and constitutional limitations upon spending and taxing, legislators seeking to balance the budget are left with
few choices as to how to balance the budget.
Texas spending on a per capita basis isÂ
much lower than the national averageÂ
In 2012, Texas ranked ___ when compared to other states on the per capital federal dollars flowing into the state.
There is a high sales tax in Texas of ___ percent.
According to our text, what determines the amount of tax revenue generated from oil and natural gas produced in Texas?
market price and the amount produced
Authorized by voters in 1991, the Texas state lottery generates a sizable sum for the state budget. Which of the following statements regarding the Texas lottery is true?
The lottery is played by large numbers of people from all social classes
The main purpose of the Permanent School Fund is to
fund primary and secondary schools in the state.
The Economic Stabilization Fund is also known as the
Rainy Day Fund.
One significant component of the budget process that is relatively unique to Texas is
the constitutional mandate that Texas legislators write a budget every two years.
Which of the following is at the heart of the budget process in P Texas?
the Texas comptroller
Which individual is NOT a key player in the budgetary process?
The land commissioner.
The Texas legislature increased __________ to help compensate for lower property tax revenues in the 2012-2013 budget cycle.
state corporate franchise taxes and cigarette taxes
From an overall standpoint, which statement is true?
Oil and natural gas production within the state's borders generate over two-thirds of state tax revenue.
__________ refers to the idea that policy makers have formulated and implemented policy that address the problems in an optimal and efficient manner.</li>
Throughout much of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, public education remained largely a ___ affair.
Plessy V. Ferguson (1896)
Validated state-imposed racial segregation in Texas public schools.
By the late 1960's, de facto segregation
Was still a problem in urban public schools with a large minority population.
In <i>Edgewood ISD v. Kirby</i>, the key constitutional issue was
Whether the phrase "an efficient system of free public schools" included school financing.
A 1983 report by the National Commission on Excellence in Education was called
A Nation at Risk
One effective way for improving public education in Texas that Democrats, Republics, and Tea Partyers support is
Increasing pay for teachers.
The most persistent social problem facing Texas is
In the 1960s, welfare policy in Texas reflected
A policy of minimizing the cost to Texas while maximizing the use of federal dollars.
Which statement is true concerning welfare in the 1980s?
Conservatives tried to require that welfare recipients must participate in job training as a condition on receiving benefits.
Welfare reforms are measured along which two dimensions?
The number of people on welfare and the success of getting people into the workforce.
In 1965, Congress created the Medicaid program, a state-federal program, to</li>
Provide healthcare for the poor.</li>
In legal challenge to the Affordable Care Act, the Supreme Court ruled that
The tax penalizing people who failed to purchase medical insurance was constitutional.
Which statement regarding water policy in Texas is true?
Water rights are a complicated matter balancing private property considerations and the public good.
A serious criminal offense that subjects a person to state prison punishments is a(n)
The lowest class of misdemeanor is which of the following?
In a situation in which the defendant may have committed his or her first offense, the judge is more likely to issue a punishment of _____.
For probation, certain requirements must be met EXCEPT
Being released from probation for good behavior after serving a quarter of the term.
In cases in which the accused CANNOT provide bail or CANNOT pay a bondsman, what option may this individual have?
The individual can be released on his or her personal promise to appear.
What is one of the biggest issues in regard to perpetuating criminal activities in Texas?
The requirements placed on offenders are so difficult to comply with that offenders will likely disregard the requirements and hope to not get caught.
Inmates at state jails served on average __ percent of their sentences before being released.
The most prison-prone group in society is ____ between the ages of ___.
Males; 20 and 29.
Over 90 percent of the Texas prisoners are male, and the average age of prisoners is only ___.
For which type of offenses are Texas prison inmates most likely to be imprisoned?
The average prison time served by those who have been exonerated was ____ years.
Wrongfully convicted individuals in the state of Texas can receive a lump sum of ___ for each year they wrongfully served prison time, plus some additional yearly payments of up to ___ per year.</li>
ESSAY: Explain some of the legal aspects of water policy in Texas, including the law of capture and important court decisions.
ESSAY: Discuss the options a judge and prosector may have when addressing a criminal case. Review the levels of criminal charges and the possibility of a please bargain. Based on this knowledge, how "tough" is the Texas system?
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