17 terms

Civil War Battles

Fort Sumter
Union Fort fired upon by Confederates. Start of Civil War.
Anaconda Plan
Union Plan to defeat South: 1) Blockade coast 2) Gain Control of Mississippi River 3) Capture Richmond
First Bull Run
July 1861 defeat for Union. North learned that it needed to "get serious."
Monitor and Merrimack
Union and Confederate "ironclads" that battled to a draw. Union Blockade remained intact.
Bloody battle in April 1862. Grant--and the Union--proved they would spill blood to save the Union.
Bloodiest day in U.S. history. Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation shortly afterward.
Emancipation Proclamation
Presidential Order that freed all slaves in states that were rebelling against the Union.
A bloody loss for the North. A Meaningless victory for the South.
July 4, 1863: Victory here gave the Union complete control over the Mississippi River.
A three day battle in Pennsylvania. Lee's forces are defeated. The turning point to a Union victory.
Gettysburg Address
"dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal."
Sherman's March to the Sea
A campaign of "total war" in Georgia. Union troops destroy railroads, burn plantations, drive off livestock, and free slaves.
Appomattox Court House
Town in Virginia were Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General U.S. Grant.
George B. McClellan
A Union General who was highly popular with his soldiers; Lincoln fired him twice because he was not aggressive enough.
Robert E. Lee
Head of the Army of Northern Virginia; the South's top military commander.
U.S. Grant
Top General for the Union. Of him, Lincoln said, "I can't spare this man...he fights."
Stonewall Jackson
Confederate hero of Bull Run. Lee's "right hand man." Shot by his own troops at Chancellorsville.

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