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Humanities Chapter 2

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Greek Term - circle
kyklos
Greek Term - city-state
polis
Greek Term - open meeting place
agora
Greek Term - top of the city
acropolis
Greek Term - the god or flourishing life
eudaimonia
Common among the people of Thera
Their homes were elaborately decorated.
Clay pipes connected toilets and baths to sewers
Straw reinforced the walls of their homes
Legendary ruler of Crete's ancient captial - Knossos
Minos
What creatures did the inhabitants of Crete associate with male virtility and strength?
bulls
Greek Term- translated as "double ax"
labrys
The House of the Double Axes
The palace of Minos at Knossos
Which is the legendary Minoas queen who gave birth to the Minotaur?
Pasiphae
Provided Theseus with a weapon and thread to help him kill the Minotaur?
Ariadne
Credited with the discovery of Mycenae
Heinrich Schliemann
Author of the Iliad and the Odyssey?
Homer
Centra character in the Iliad, which focuses on his "rage"?
Achilles
Greek Term - "virture" and can be interpreted as "reaching one's highest potential"?
arete
Best remembered as the King of Troy during the action of the Iliad?
Priam
Trojan prince and warrior that killed Patroclus and enraged Achilles during the action of the Iliad?
Hector
Greek vase with two handles?
pyx
Wife of Odysseus
Penelope
Citadel city that depended on cyclopean masonry for its construction and was entered thru massive Lion Gate?
the ancient city of Mycenae
Chief craftsperson that assists the Minoan queen in her plan to attract the Minotaur?
Daedalus
Who is considered the greatest warrior among the Greeks battling against the Trojans?
Achilles
Literary pieces was the first to detail the Greek pantheon
Theogony
Term that translates as the sin of pride?
acropolis
Refers to the portion of an ancient Greek city-state that served as public meeting place, marketplace and civic center?
agora
Greek pantheon
Dionysus, Hermes and Poseidon
Isis is NOT
The "King of the gods"
Zeus
"the God of wine and inspiration"
Dionysus
Ancient Greek city-state built a towpath to drag ships over a series of rollers as an aid to those who traveled by sea
corinth
Ancient Greek city-state was the home to the Sanctuary of Apollo?
Delphi
Which orders featured scrolled capitals?
Ionic
Refers to row of columns that stands on the raised platform of an ancient Greek Temple?
Peristyle
Columns that swell about one-third of the way up and contract again near the top - character ..
entasis
The Death of Sarpedon which is in the scene
Thanatos, Hypnos and Hermes
First Athenian democracy in 508 BCE?
Kleisthenes
Rule of people?
democracy
Term that became part of the Athenian political system and refers to small local areas comparable to precincts or in a modern city?
demes
A the time of the battle of Marathon in 490 BCE who ruled Persians?
Darius
During 490 BCE, who ran the 26 miles between Marathon and Athens to deliver word the Greek victory
Miltiades
Author of Histories and recognized as the first writer in the Western tradition as historical writing
Herodotus
Cast the bronze statue known as Doryphoros (spear bearer)
Polyclitus
On the Athenian Acropolis, considered the centerpiece?
The Parthenon