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22 terms

dental anatomy-elevations and depressions

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line angles
-imaginary line formed by junction of two crown surfaces
-every tooth has 8
-naming: replaces "ial" or "al" with "o", separate 2 "o's" by hyphen
-(disto,medio)>(linguo, facio, labio, bucco)>(incisal, occlusal)
point angles
-point at which there is a junction of 3 crown surfaces
-4 per tooth
-naming similar to line angles
crown elevations
-cusps
-tubercles
-cingulum
-ridges
-mamelons
cusps
-elevated projections on crowns of various sizes/shapes
-form bulk of occlusal/incisal surfaces
-not found on incisors
-canines-1 cusp; premolars-2 to 3; molars-3+
-each cusp has 4 cusp ridges
tubercles
-mini crowns
-not uncommon, but unusual
-most likely on lingual surface of maxillary anterior teeth
cingulum
-a large rounded eminence on the lingual surface of permanent and deciduous anterior teeth, which encircles the lingual surface from mesial to distal in the cervical third
ridges
-marginal
-triangular
-transverse
-oblique
-cusp
-inclined plane
mamelons
-small rounded projection of enamel on the incisal ridges of newly erupted permanent incisors
-smallest is positioned mid facially
-get worn away
marginal ridges
-linear elevations found at the mesial and distal terminations of the occlusal surface of posterior teeth
-also found on anterior teeth, but less prominent
triangular ridges
-linear ridges which descend form the tips of cusps of posterior teeth towards the central area of the occlusal surface
-named for direction in which it faces; ex: tri. ridge from the buccal cusp tip is "lingual triangular ridge"
transverse ridge
-combination of 2 triangular ridges which transversely cross the occlusal surface on a posterior tooth to merge with each other
oblique ridge
-special type of transverse ridge that crosses the occlusal surface of maxillary molars in an oblique direction form the distobuccal to mesiolingual cusps
cusp ridge
-each cusp has four cusp ridges extending in diff directions (mesial, distal, facial, lingual)
-named by direction toward which they extend
inclined plane
-the sloping are found between two cusp ridges
-named by combing name of two ridges
-normally each cusp exhibits four inclined planes
crown depressions
-fossa
-sulcus
-developmental (primary) groove
-supplemental (secondary) groove
-pit
fossa
-an irregular, usually rounded depression on the surface of tooth
-normally a large shallow fossa on the lingual surface of anterior teeth, while post. teeth exhibit 2 or more on the occlusal surf.
sulcus
-long narrow depression, usually v shaped cross section
-often located on occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth
-groove found at bottom of sulcus
developmental (primary) groove
a groove or line which denotes the coalescence of the primary parts, or lobes of the crown of a tooth
supplemental (secondary) groove
an auxiliary groove which branches form the developmental groove
pit
-small depressed area which developmental grooves join
-often deepest portion of fossa
embrasures
-triangularly shaped spaces located between the proximal surfaces of adjacent teeth.
-four embrasures for every contact area: facial (also called labial or buccal), lingual (or palatal), occlusal or incisal, and cervical or interproximal space.
-The cervical embrasure usually is filled by the interdental papilla from the gingiva
fissured groove
formed by imperfect union of lobes