34 terms

Amendments and Articles


Terms in this set (...)

1st Amendment
Freedom of religion (two clauses: establishment clause and free exercise clause), speech, press, assembly and petition
2nd Amendment
the right to bear arms
3rd Amendment
no quatering of troops in private homes
4th Amendment
no unreasonable searches or seizures
5th Amendment
a person has a right to a grand jury hearing, can't be tried twice for the same crime (double jeopardy), you don't have to testify against yourself (self incrimination), you can't be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process (government follow all its rules), and your property can't be taken from you without just compensation (eminent domain)
6th Amendment
in court a person has the right to obtain and also confront witnesses, have a speedy public trial by an impartial jury, and the right to have a lawyer (counsel)
7th Amendment
right to a jury trial for civil cases
8th Amendment
no excessive fines or cruel and unusual punishment
9th Amendment
Any rights not specifically denied to the people are retained by the people (unenumerated rights)
10th Amendment
any powers not specifically given to the central government are reserved by the states or the people (big amendment for state's rights supporters)
11th Amendment
a state cannot be sued by a citizen of another state or of a foreign country
12th Amendment
the President and Vice-President should be elected together on one ticket
13th Amendment
slavery is illegal (no involuntary servitude)
14th Amendment
People born on U.S. soil are citizens (provided citizenship to former slaves, states cannot deny a person's rights that they receive from the central government (this incorporated or nationalized the Bill of Rights and prevented the states from denying these rights), and the EQUAL PROTECTION CLAUSE which prevents states and local governments from unreasonably discriminating against people
15th Amendment
Can't deny the right to vote based on race (former slaves could vote)
16th Amendment
Congress has the power to tax personal income
17th Amendment
Senators will be directly elected by the people (no longer appointed by state legislature)
18th Amendment
prohibited the sale of alcohol
19th Amendment
grants women the right to vote
20th Amendment
specifies when a new president will be sworn in and when Congress begins a new term, and it also put a seven year time limit on the ratification of an amendment
21st Amendment
repeal of the 18th amendment, so alcohol is legal again
22nd Amendment
put a two term limit on the office of the President
23rd Amendment
Gave the District of Columbia three electoral College votes
24th Amendment
outlawed poll taxes
25th Amendment
specifies what happens if a president becomes disabled and also what happens if the position of the Vice President becomes vacant
26th Amendment
lowered the voting age to eighteen
27th Amendment
any increase in the pay of members of Congress will not take effect until after the next election
Article One
the Legislative Branch
Article Two
the Executive Branch
Article Three
the Judicial Branch
Article Four
State to State Relations
Article Five
Ways to amend the Constitution
Article Six
The new government would honor all national debts, the supremacy of national law over state or local law, and elected officials must swear an oath to support the Constitution (no religious test for elective office)
Article Seven
Provisions of the ratification of the Constitution