AP Psychology Famous Experiments
Terms in this set (15)
The first to perform split-brain surgery to help epileptic patients. Split-Brain Experiments
Showed that factory workers had improved work performance with both good and bad lighting. Conclusion was that they improved b/c they were being watched in the experiment
Proposed 4 stages of cognitive development SPOCF (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, formal) (Object Permanance)
Proposed 3 stages of moral development (all framed around conventional). This theory was criticized b/c it only tested young kids by framing hypothetical situations for them and their responses to these. No cross-cultural testing or genders
Imprinting studies. Showed how baby animals would follow first object they saw after birth. Believed to be a built-in survival mechanism
Studies to indicate that in-born temperament may explain many behaviors
Showed importance of physical touch over nourishment in infant monkeys.
Created client centered therapy also known as person-centered therapy. This therapeutic method hinges on the therapist providing the client with what Rogers termed unconditional positive regard.
Unconditional positive regard is a blanket acceptance.
Founded Attachment Theory. Secure infants have good bonds with there mother, reverse is also true.
Hubel and Wisel
Studies with monkeys to show that they had specific Feature Detectors to aid them in visual processing (some for lines, bars, edges, shapes, etc.)
Studies showing that a hypnotic trance includes a "hidden observer" suggesting that there is some subconscious control during hypnosis
Proposed that there is conscious connection between the CSS and the UCS in classical conditioning experiments. ? A smoker aware if pill making him ill when he drinks, will stop taking the pills)
Classical Conditioning; Conditioned Response; Behaviorism. Pavlov's Dogs were trained to salivate at the sound of a bell.
The Stanford Prison Experiment. Studied the effects of authority and how people behave when in control of others
Obedience to Authority - Shock Experiment
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