25 terms

China Vocab McCloughan 2017

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Huang He
a major river in China
Tibetan Plateau
a high mountain plateau in Asia
Chang Jiang River
world's 3rd longest river
loess
a dusty yellow soli, that is easily carried by wind
famines
widespread shortages of food
Anyang
the ancient Chinese capital of the Shang dynasty
dynasty
a line of rulers who belong to the same family
oracle bones
cattle and sheep bones used to predict the future
Mandate of Heaven
says that the governments may rule so long as they do so fairly
Warring States Period
when local rulers went to war with each other
Confucius
China's most famous scholar
Lao Zi
Chinese philosopher and founder of daoism
Daoism
the belief that nature should guide people in their lives
Qin
An ancient kingdom in northern China that rose to power under Emperor Shihuangdi in 221BC
emperor
the supreme ruler of an empire
Shihuangdi
Chinese emperor who unified China and founded the Qin dynasty
province
political divisions of land
Xianyang
capital city under the emperor Shihuagdi
Great Wall of China
a system of walls for protection
legalism
actions that help the emperor and the state should be encouraged by a strict system of rewards and punishment
Liu Bang
Founder of China's Han dynasty
Confucianism
In China, a system of beliefs and behavior based on the teachings of Confucius, who said that people should lead good lives by studying ancient traditions and stressed the importance of respecting one's family and ancestors
Wudi
Han emperor who ruled China from 140 BC to 87 BC; he set up a system of schools that prepared students for government jobs
Grand School
a school begun by Confucian scholars in China that trained students for government jobs
seismograph
a scientific instrument that could detect earthquakes hundreds of miles away, invented during the Han dynasty.