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46 terms

Holocaust Terminology

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Genocide
annihilation of a group of people
Rabbi
A Jewish religious leader
Synagogue
A Jewish place of worship -aka Temple
Adolf Hitler
1889-1945? Nazi leader and dictator of Germany/The Third Reich 1934-1945
Barracks
An area in the concentration camps where the prisoners were housed
Ghettos
Where the Jews were sealed inside the poorest parts of town with over crowded conditions and little food
Racism
Hatred against a particular group of people
Dr. Joseph Goebbels
1897-1945- Nazi propaganda leader during the Third Reich
Heinrich Himmler
1900-1945- Nazi leader of the Gestapo/secret police leader during the Third Reich
The Third Reich
The Nazi regime/kingdom 1934-1945
The Blood Liable
The rumor that started a long time ago that spread fear in to Christians-Jews stole Christian children for their blood
The Final Solution
The Nazi cover-up name for the plan to annihilate all of the Jews
Arbeit Macht Frei
translates to= work will liberate- The Nazis had this saying over many entrances to concentration camps
Gas chambers/showers
Jews were murdered in chambers filled with a poisonous gas called-Zyklon B. In many cases they were told that they were going to take showers...
Selection
When Jews and others in the ghettos and camps were chosen for death
Juden rat
The Jewish council members chosen by the Nazis to run the ghettos
The Nuremberg Laws
Laws established to take away the Jews citizenship and made them "subjects"
Gestapo
The secret police or Green police during the Nazi rule
SS men
An elite Nazi military unit-they ran the concentration camps and fought on the front lines
Warsaw
The capital of Poland-one of the largest ghettos was here
Lodz
Located in Poland-a large ghetto (mentioned in The Cage) was here
The Night of Broken Glass
November 9-10 1938, when all Jewish businesses and homes were destroyed. Synagogues were burned, and Jews were beaten and killed.
Propaganda
The spreading of information to injure or promote a cause, a group, and/or a belief.
Hermann Wilhelm Goering
(Goring) Nazi leader of the SS men-died during the Nuremberg trials by hanging himself before his sentencing
Yad Vashem
The largest Holocaust Memorial museum- located in Israel
Liberation
The freeing of the prisoners from the ghettos and concentration camps
Dachau
The first concentration camp established by Hitler (1933)/located in Germany
Pogrom
an organized massacre
Concentration camps
The Nazis sent Jews, Gypsies, Homosexuals, Partisans, the phyically and mentally handicapped and anyone who spoke out against the Nazis and Hitler to these prisons.
Ration
A certain amount of food/clothing given to an individual during war time to prevent hoarding.
Fascism
A form of government led by one ruler
Persecution Bullying,
harassment and killing of a group of people because of their beliefs, culture, social status, etc.
Anti-semitism
Against anything or anyone Jewish
Aryan
A German-born, blonde hair, blue eyed non-Jew/Hitler's ideal superior person
Allies
The countries fighting against the Nazis during WWII- France, Great Britain, United States, Russia, etc.
Nazis
National Socialist German Workers' Party
Chancellor
Hitler became this in 1933
holocaust
A total destruction by fire
Holocaust
1933-1945 when 6 million Jews were murdered by the Nazis
Partisan
Rebels against the Nazis during the war
Auschwitz-
Birkenau A concentration camp in Poland-notorious for being one of the largest death camps
Sobibor
A concentration camp in POland known for the great escape
Bergen-
Belsen A concentration camp in northern Germany where Anne Frank died
Sonderkommando
AKA-Kapo-- a Jew put in charge of the barrack
D-day/Doomsday
June 6,1944-the allied invasion of Europe-Battle of Normany/Omaha and Utah Beach
Displaced Persons Camps
Camps set up by the Allies after they liberated a concentration camp to take care of the sick, weak and starving