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63 terms

Middle School Reading Literary Terms

STUDY
PLAY
non-fiction
a type of literature that tells about real-life people, places, events, things, etc.
drama
a play written to be performed by actors
myth
a folktale (fictional story) about gods and goddesses (mythology)
tall tale
an American hero folktale full of extreme exaggerations
fable
a folktale, usually with talking animals, that always has a moral to it
main idea
what a piece of writing is mainly about
summary
gives the main idea and important details of a passage
theme
a more generally stated topic concerning a passage's main ideas
genre
a classification of literature, such as fiction, drama, poetry, etc.
fiction
a type of literature that tells a made-up story
simile
a comparison of two unlike things using the words "like" or "as"
analogy
a comparison that shows a relationship between two things
metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things not using the words "like" or "as"
paraphrase
restating something using different words (rephrasing)
context clues
words, phrases, or sentences that give meaning to unknown words
denotation
the dictionary definition of the word- the literal meaning
connotation
the extra sense that the word implies-pos. or neg. (cheap/inexpensive)
repetition
creating a "special effect" by repeating a sound or word
suspense
a feeling of uncertainty or dread about what will happen next
sarcasm
an expression that is personal, jeering, and intended to hurt
oxymoron
a seemingly contradictory combination of words (jumbo shrimp)
onomatopoeia
a word or phrase that imitates the sound (whoosh)
plot
the action of the story
resolution
the final outcome of the story-or the solution of the problem
character
a person or other creature in a story
setting
the time and place of the story's events
climax
the point of greatest interest or suspense in the story
conflict
the main problem the character faces (with others, self, or nature)
personification
gives animals or objects human qualities or characteristics
hyperbole
the deliberate use of exaggeration
symbolism
the use of one thing to stand for or represent another
imagery
the use of vivid description to create a picture in the reader's mind
foreshadow
gives clues that suggest what might happen in the future
flashback
interrrupting the story with events from the past
irony
a statement meaning the opposite of what is literally stated
idiom
a saying that can not be literally translated
allusion
a reference to a well-known work of literature, art, music, etc.
audience
the person or persons to whom the writing is addressed
author
the person who wrote the story or passage
narrator
the person who is telling the story
point of view
the relationship of the narrator to the story (viewpoint)
1st person pov
when a character in the story tells the story (using I, me, my, we, etc.)
3rd person pov
when someone not in the story tells the story (like an invisible observer)
dialogue
when the characters in a story speak (usually set off by quotation marks)
style/voice
the way the author uses phrases and sentences to make his story distinctive
tone
the author's attitude about his topic- can be positive, negative, or neutral
mood
the feeling or atmosphere in the story set by the author
inference
a guess based on a known fact, a conclusion
cause/effect
a text structure exploring the reason something happened (cause) and the result (effect)
compare/contrast
a text structure showing similariites (comparisons) and differences (contrasts)
problem/solution
a text structure examining how conflicts or obstacles (problems) are overcome (resolved)
chronology
a text structure presenting events in the order in which they occur (sequencing)
inductive
a text structure that starts with specific ideas and works toward a general idea
deductive
a text structure that starts with a general idea and works toward specific ideas
spatial order
a text structure that shows where things are
categorization
a text structure that puts things in categories
fact
a statement that can be proved- or disproved
opinion
a statement that can not be proven- someone's own belief
bias
a strong prejudice for one side over another- favoring only one side
objective
a work based on fact, having no bias or partiality
propaganda
persuasion techniques
synonyms
words that have similar meanings
antonyms
words that have opposite meanings