113 terms

Pony Club Flash Cards (D rated)

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If your mount measures 14 hands, would you call it a horse or a pony?
Pony
At which gait does a pony move his/her legs in diagonal pairs? (for example, the LEFT FRONT and RIGHT HIND would be a diagonal pair)
Trot
Which gaits have FOUR beats?
Walk and gallop
Describe FORMAL ATTIRE.
Helmet, black field or dress boots, paddock boots with smooth or suede (suede is allowed for D levels ONLY) half chaps or leggings, white, buff, canary or tan breeches with a belt if there are belt loops, white riding shirt with neckband collar (must be sleeved), white stock tie with plain stock pin (pre-tied are allowed), solid black, navy or dark gray coat and optional gloves.
Which gait does NOT have a moment of suspension?
Walk.
What is the ENERGY that a horse creates and uses called?
Impulsion.
How many beats are in a walk?
Four.
What is a sign that there is something wrong with your horse?
Colic (belly pain), coughing, runny eyes and nose, choking, diarrhea, depression, fever, not eating or drinking, losing weight, dull coat, change in normal eating habits or behavior and injuries.
A vaccination against this disease should be given to a horse once a year. A booster shot may be necessary if the horse gets a deep cut or puncture wound. What disease do these shots protect against?
Tetanus.
What is the normal temperature range for a typical horse or pony?
Between 98.5 and 101 degrees
What is the correct order for the feeding of grain, water and hay to a horse or pony?
Water, hay, then grain
Timothy, Clover, Bermuda and Alfalfa are all types of ___.
Hay
How high should a hay net be hung to be considered safe?
To hang a hay net safely, it should be hung so that the middle of the full net is about eye level. When the net is empty the bottom should hang no lower than the point of the pony's shoulder.
Give three examples of a feed grain.
Oats, corn, barley, bran and sweet feed, among others.
Are grass clippings from your yard a good feed for your pony to eat? Why or why not?
No, they can cause him/her to be very ill or even die.
List examples of feeds that are considered roughage or bulk.
Grass, hay, beet pulp, range cubes, hay pellets, and various other types of hay.
What two things must always be available to a pastured and stabled ponies?
Clean, fresh water and salt.
Why should you pile the bedding (shavings) higher against the wall and in the corners of your pony's stall?
To prevent your pony from getting cast (stuck) if he/she rolls in the stall.
For safety, what should you do with stable cleaning forks and rakes when they are not being used?
They should be hung up safely, with the tines facing the wall.
What is the first thing you do after leading your horse into the trailer?
You should wait until someone has fastened the tail bar (as some people call it "the butt bar") or back door before tying your pony up.
When unloading a horse from a trailer parked on level ground, what should you do first?
Untie his/her head before lowering the ramp or tail bar.
Horses and ponies are measured in "hands". How many inches are in ONE hand?
4 inches.
Another name for rising at the trot is _______.
Posting.
What are two ways to ride the trot?
Posting (rising) and sitting.
TRUE or FALSE: A small circle is harder for your pony than a large circle.
TRUE.
What is meant by the expression "changing the rein"?
Change directions.
Another term for a simple step back is a ____ ____.
Rein-back.
What size is the circle that takes up the full width of the dressage arena?
20 meters.
When riding over a jump, why must you RELEASE the pony's mouth (give with the reins)?
This lets him/her stretch his/her neck and jump safely.
Where should you be looking when you jump your pony?
You should always look ahead and keep your eyes up.
List the five phases of a jump, in the correct order.
Approach, Takeoff, Flight, Landing, Recovery.
When riding down a hill, does it help your pony if you lean back and keep your feet braced forward? Why or why not?
No; it unbalanced him/her and you.
What parts are on the horse's back legs that are not on the front legs?
STIFLE, HOCK, and GASKIN.
The CLEFT, BAR, FROG, and WHITE LINE are all parts of the horse's ________.
HOOF.
Where is the horse's POLL?
Just behind the ears, on the horse's top line.
Name the parts of a pony's leg, in order, starting at the HOOF.
Front leg: Hoof, coronet, pastern, fetlock joint, cannon bone, knee, forearm, elbow. Hind leg: Hoof, coronet, pastern, fetlock joint, cannon bone, hock, gaskin, stifle.
Where is the horse's STIFLE located?
The joint between the FEMUR and TIBIA; above the GASKIN.
Where at the horse's WITHERS?
Between the BACK and NECK, on the horse's top line at the top of the shoulder blades.
Where is the horse's GASKIN?
Between the STIFLE and HOCK, on the horse's hind leg.
STAR, SNIP, BLAZE, and STRIP are examples of _______ ______.
Face markings.
Name an important TOOL used to make adjustments to your leather tack so it will fit your pony properly.
A leather punch.
What is the purpose of a breast plate?
The breast plate keeps the saddle from slipping back.
What two parts of a sniffle bridle are attached directly to the bit?
The reins and the cheek pieces.
SNAFFLE, KIMBERWICK, and PELHEM are all types of _____.
Bits.
With which of the following bit or bits would use double reins?: full cheek snaffle, loose ring snaffle, pelham, kimberwick
Pelham.
Which grooming tool is used to loosen caked on mud and dirt from the pony's coat?
Currycomb.
What do you use a METAL currycomb for?
Cleaning the body brush.
What are clinches?
The ends of the nails.
The clinches have risen and you hear a clicking when your horse walks on a hard surface. What is this a sign of and what should you do about it?
The shoe has become loose and you should call your farrier.
SHIPPING, STABLE, POLO, and TREATMENT are all types of ________.
Bandages.
When riding over a jump, why must you RELEASE the pony's mouth (give with the reins)?
This lets him/her stretch his/her neck and jump safely.
Where should you be looking when you jump your pony?
You should always look ahead and keep your eyes up.
List the five phases of a jump, in the correct order.
Approach, Takeoff, Flight, Landing, Recovery.
When riding down a hill, does it help your pony if you lean back and keep your feet braced forward? Why or why not?
No; it unbalanced him/her and you.
What parts are on the horse's back legs that are not on the front legs?
STIFLE, HOCK, and GASKIN.
The CLEFT, BAR, FROG, and WHITE LINE are all parts of the horse's ________.
HOOF.
Where is the horse's POLL?
Just behind the ears, on the horse's top line.
Name the parts of a pony's leg, in order, starting at the HOOF.
Front leg: Hoof, coronet, pastern, fetlock joint, cannon bone, knee, forearm, elbow. Hind leg: Hoof, coronet, pastern, fetlock joint, cannon bone, hock, gaskin, stifle.
Where is the horse's STIFLE located?
The joint between the FEMUR and TIBIA; above the GASKIN.
Where at the horse's WITHERS?
Between the BACK and NECK, on the horse's top line at the top of the shoulder blades.
Where is the horse's GASKIN?
Between the STIFLE and HOCK, on the horse's hind leg.
STAR, SNIP, BLAZE, and STRIP are examples of _______ ______.
Face markings.
Name an important TOOL used to make adjustments to your leather tack so it will fit your pony properly.
A leather punch.
What is the purpose of a breast plate?
The breast plate keeps the saddle from slipping back.
What two parts of a sniffle bridle are attached directly to the bit?
The reins and the cheek pieces.
SNAFFLE, KIMBERWICK, and PELHEM are all types of _____.
Bits.
With which of the following bit or bits would use double reins?: full cheek snaffle, loose ring snaffle, pelham, kimberwick
Pelham.
Which grooming tool is used to loosen caked on mud and dirt from the pony's coat?
Currycomb.
What do you use a METAL currycomb for?
Cleaning the body brush.
What are clinches?
The ends of the nails.
The clinches have risen and you hear a clicking when your horse walks on a hard surface. What is this a sign of and what should you do about it?
The shoe has become loose and you should call your farrier.
SHIPPING, STABLE, POLO, and TREATMENT are all types of ________.
Bandages.
When riding over a jump, why must you RELEASE the pony's mouth (give with the reins)?
This lets him/her stretch his/her neck and jump safely.
Where should you be looking when you jump your pony?
You should always look ahead and keep your eyes up.
List the five phases of a jump, in the correct order.
Approach, Takeoff, Flight, Landing, Recovery.
When riding down a hill, does it help your pony if you lean back and keep your feet braced forward? Why or why not?
No; it unbalanced him/her and you.
What parts are on the horse's back legs that are not on the front legs?
STIFLE, HOCK, and GASKIN.
The CLEFT, BAR, FROG, and WHITE LINE are all parts of the horse's ________.
HOOF.
Where is the horse's POLL?
Just behind the ears, on the horse's top line.
Name the parts of a pony's leg, in order, starting at the HOOF.
Front leg: Hoof, coronet, pastern, fetlock joint, cannon bone, knee, forearm, elbow. Hind leg: Hoof, coronet, pastern, fetlock joint, cannon bone, hock, gaskin, stifle.
Where is the horse's STIFLE located?
The joint between the FEMUR and TIBIA; above the GASKIN.
Where at the horse's WITHERS?
Between the BACK and NECK, on the horse's top line at the top of the shoulder blades.
Where is the horse's GASKIN?
Between the STIFLE and HOCK, on the horse's hind leg.
STAR, SNIP, BLAZE, and STRIP are examples of _______ ______.
Face markings.
Name an important TOOL used to make adjustments to your leather tack so it will fit your pony properly.
A leather punch.
What is the purpose of a breast plate?
The breast plate keeps the saddle from slipping back.
What two parts of a sniffle bridle are attached directly to the bit?
The reins and the cheek pieces.
SNAFFLE, KIMBERWICK, and PELHEM are all types of _____.
Bits.
With which of the following bit or bits would use double reins?: full cheek snaffle, loose ring snaffle, pelham, kimberwick
Pelham.
Which grooming tool is used to loosen caked on mud and dirt from the pony's coat?
Currycomb.
What do you use a METAL currycomb for?
Cleaning the body brush.
What are clinches?
The ends of the nails.
The clinches have risen and you hear a clicking when your horse walks on a hard surface. What is this a sign of and what should you do about it?
The shoe has become loose and you should call your farrier.
SHIPPING, STABLE, POLO, and TREATMENT are all types of ________.
Bandages.
A horse that is kept at pasture and not ridden every day should still have What grooming practice done on a daily basis?
He/She should still have his/her hooves picked.
When you pick up your pony's foot, which way should you be facing?
You should be facing his/her tail
Name parts of a BRIDLE.
Crownpiece, browband, cavesson, noseband, snaffle bit, cheekpiece, throatlatch, reins.
WESTERN, FLAT, AUSTRALIAN STOCK, and RACING are all types of ______.
Saddles
They protect the horse's legs from the heels and coronet up to the hock and knee. They must be well padded to protect against bumps and scrapes. They must be firm and snug to support tendons. They should always be used when trailering. What are they?
Shipping bandages or boots.
What is CRIBBING and what problems associated with it?
Cribbing happens when a pony grabs a solid object with his/her teeth and arches his/her neck while he/she swallows air. Cribbing can cause colic and weight loss, among other issues.
Name the different stable vices.
Cribbing, wood chewing, stall kicking, pawing, and weaving.
CRIBBING, WEAVING, and WOOD CHEWING are all example of ______ _____.
Stable vices.
A horse that is kept at pasture and not ridden every day should still have What grooming practice done on a daily basis?
He/She should still have his/her hooves picked.
When you pick up your pony's foot, which way should you be facing?
You should be facing his/her tail
Name parts of a BRIDLE.
Crownpiece, browband, cavesson, noseband, snaffle bit, cheekpiece, throatlatch, reins.
WESTERN, FLAT, AUSTRALIAN STOCK, and RACING are all types of ______.
Saddles
They protect the horse's legs from the heels and coronet up to the hock and knee. They must be well padded to protect against bumps and scrapes. They must be firm and snug to support tendons. They should always be used when trailering. What are they?
Shipping bandages or boots.
What is CRIBBING and what problems associated with it?
Cribbing happens when a pony grabs a solid object with his/her teeth and arches his/her neck while he/she swallows air. Cribbing can cause colic and weight loss, among other issues.
Name the different stable vices.
Cribbing, wood chewing, stall kicking, pawing, and weaving.
CRIBBING, WEAVING, and WOOD CHEWING are all example of ______ _____.
Stable vices.
When someone says that a horse is BARN SOUR, what does that mean?
A pony who will not leave the barn or who acts up and tries to rush back to the barn.
What is the best gait to use to detect lameness?
The trot or jog.
For what reasons should you call a veterinarian right away?
If the pony is in distress or if you think that is an emergency. If you know there is a problem but you don't know what it is or how to help your pony.