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Human Geography Test 1 Chapter 1
Terms in this set (56)
a specific point on earth distinguished by a particular characteristic.
a system composed of nonliving or inorganic matter.
the thin layer of gases surrounding earth.
all living organisms on earth.
the science of making maps.
relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
the spread of something over a given area.
the rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
the geographic study of human-environment relationships.
fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group.
the frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
the process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
the diminishing in importance and eventual disappearence of a phenomonon with increasing distance from its origin.
the arrangement of something across earth's surface.
the scientific study of ecosystems.
the group of living organisms and the abiotic spheres with which they interact.
a 19th century and early 20th century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be foundin the physical sciences. geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities.
the spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in an additive process.
an area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characterisitics.
an area organized around a node or focal point.
a system of imaginary arcs drawn in a grid pattern on earth's surface.
geographic information science
the development and analysis of data about earth acquired through satellite and other electronic information technologies.
geographic information system
a computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
global positioning system
a system that determines the precise position of something on earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
greenwich mean time
the time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0 degrees longitutde.
the region from which innovative ideas originate.
the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
all of the water on and near earth's surface.
international date line
a meridian that for the most part follows 180 degrees longitude. when you cross the international date line heading east (towards america), the clock moves back 24 hours (one day), and when you go west (towards asia), the calendar moves ahead one day.
the numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator.
earth's crust and a portion of the upper mantle directly below the crust.
the position of anything on earth's crust.
the numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian.
a two dimensional, or flat, representation of earth's surface or a portion of it.
the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on earth's surface.
an arc drawn on a map between the north and south poles.
a circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
the regular arrangment of something in a study area.
land created by the dutch by draining waterfrom an area.
the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the meridian, designated as 0 degrees longitude, that passes through the royal observatory at greenwich, england.
the system used to transfer location from earth's surface to a flat map.
an area of earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of culture and physical features.
the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
the acquistion of data about earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or another long distance methods.
the relationship between the portion of eath being studied and earth as a whole.
the physical character of a place.
the location of a place relative to other places.
the physical gap or interval between two objects.
the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
the movement of physical processes, human activities, and ideas within and among regions.
the spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
the name given to a portion of earth's surface.
a companythat conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located.
an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
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